By Abbey Mikha
The Atlantic Slave trade was influenced by many factors that were interrelated. It is imperative to analyze these causes in order to understand what occurred when people of color were enslaved by white man and by some of their fellow Africans. The reason these events need to be recognized, analyzed, and understood is because this part of history should never be repeated. Johannes Postma in his The Atlantic Slave Tradegave his view in regards toslavery. David Northrup in The Atlantic Slave Trade alsovoiced his opinion. Lastly, Philip Curtin in The Rise and fall of the Plantation Complex had his assessments. Nonetheless, from analyzing the opinions of the former authors, I have come to the conclusion that the main driving force behind the Transatlantic Slave Trade was greed in its many forms.
Greed in Slavery According to Johannes Postma
In the beginning of chapter one, Postma expresses that Chattel slavery symbolized the worst form of slavery. It did not allow the person any rights and the owner could penalize the individual at any time . This is all the result of the many forms of greed. Whether it was the voracity and insatiability to make more money, or even greediness in power by controlling another human being, these are the many faces of greed. Postma continues that, “Expanding empires often captured many prisoners of war, who were enslaved and put to work in mines and on rural estates” . It is much easier to treat a foreigner, or a stranger as a slave rather than a fellow citizen, or even foe of the same color. This type of greed for wanting the best for those who look like them in the mirror was very evident.
Further along in Postma’s chapter it said, “As the European taste for sugar increased, sugar cultivation spread and influenced the growing demand for slaves” . It is not only the sugar, which proved to be an appetizing substance, rather the revenue that could be generated from hawking. Also further along Postma stated that, “A few coastal states, such as early Benin in today’s Nigeria, refused to sell people, but the lure of profits and imported foreign goods tempted many rulers and merchants” . Therefore the greed was evident by various races not just the white man, but rather also at times apparent within the deeds of some of the powerful Africans. This proves that people of all races will do things which are against the unwritten code of humanitarianism when it is to their advantage, when it will increase their status, or when it will fill their pockets. These are all the many forms of greed.
Slavery according to David Northrup
On the second page of his book, Northrup gets right to the point and states, “The rise of plantation slavery was tied to the development of capitalism” . Capitalism is an economic system in which the means of production are privately owned and operated for a private profit” . Capitalism flickered Slavery like wind does a flame. Northrup continued that, “It had not to do with the color of the labourer, but the cheapness of the labour”. So, the greed was not in regards to race specifically, rather it was in regards to economy and profit. He goes on to say that the central fact was there was, the exploiters and the exploited . Africans were the economic solution to the materialism of the time, and seemed to fit the role that was required to be filled in this historical context. Northrup states an important opinion in regards to slavery on page fifteen. He said, “I do not mean to minimize the importance of greed, economic self-interest, and an increasing desire for greater productivity and profit, all of which lay at the heart of early modern and modernslavery. But these economic desires were also fused with issues of identity, ideology, and power”  This means greed was at the core of slavery, but there were also other societal influences. Northrup also mentions “the curse of ham”  in which Ham’s father Noah places a curse upon Ham's son Canaan, after Ham saw his father naked because of drunkenness. This supposedly was one of the Biblical tales that white men had in enslaving Africans, which also fuelled their gluttony, and was merely an excuse.
Slavery in Philip Curtin’s Point of View
Curtin believed that, “Economically, therefore sugar could enter long-distance trade over far greater distances than wheat, rice, or other starchy staples in common use” . Therefore once again it is reiterated that the economic greed was driven by the practicality of sugar. Curtin continues that, Crusaders with an eye to business also began to enter the sugar trade. “Baldwin II, king of Jerusalem, had sugar works near Acre. Crusading orders like the Teutonic Knights and the Knights Templar set up sugar plantations near Tripoli, now in northern Lebanon” 12]. Surprisingly or perhaps not surprisingly, the Crusaders like the Knights Templar also partook in slavery, although they were supposed to be a holy religious order of some sort. This proves that the majority of human beings at that time were disillusioned about life and what it means to be a human.
Johannes Postma, in his The Atlantic Slave Trade gave his view in regards to slavery. David Northrup, in The Atlantic Slave Trade also voiced his opinion. Lastly, Philip Curtin in The Rise and fall of the Plantation Complex had his assessments. Therefore, in conclusion, greed was the most powerful factor at the centre of the slave trade. Why else would humans degrade other humans, if it was not for the enlargement of their pockets, expansion of their houses, and to add more zero’s to their bank accounts?
In conclusion, slavery was and is wrong, but the question is why the oppressors were not able to see this during the slave trade. One day people will realize, that actually what is good for you is also what is good for others. Some people believe that slavery was a result of some political crises that was being experienced by the world at the time, but the truth is that there is political turmoil at all times throughout history, that does not mean that slavery should be allowed, or is acceptable. What is astounding is that many philosophers, thinkers, even saints like Thomas Aquinas believed that it was alright to enslave the African. These facts should shake the educational system and should be looked into further to understand the psyche of the intellectual at the time, and to further comprehend if these types of attitudes are still in existence in the mind of the capitalist.
Johannes Postma. The Atlantic Slave Trade.Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2005, 2.
 Johannes Postma. The Atlantic Slave Trade. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2005, 3.
 Johannes Postma. The Atlantic Slave Trade. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2005, 5.
Johannes Postma. The Atlantic Slave Trade. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2005, 10.
David Northrup. The Atlantic Slave Trade, Boston: Wadsworth Cengage Learning. 2002, 2.
]http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capitalism(accessed on October 18th, 2010)
David Northrup. The Atlantic Slave Trade, Boston: Wadsworth Cengage Learning. 2002, 6.
David Northrup. The Atlantic Slave Trade, Boston: Wadsworth Cengage Learning. 2002, 6.
David Northrup. The Atlantic Slave Trade, Boston: Wadsworth Cengage Learning. 2002, 15.
David Northrup. The Atlantic Slave Trade,Boston: Wadsworth Cengage Learning. 2002, 21.
Philip Curtin. The Rise and fall of the Plantation Complex. United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 1998, 4.
 Philip Curtin. The Rise and fall of the Plantation Complex. United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 1998, 5.
NorthrupDavid. The Atlantic Slave Trade.
Boston: Wadsworth Cengage Learning. 2002.
Postma Johannes. The Atlantic Slave Trade.
Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2005.
CurtinPhilip. The Rise and fall of the Plantation Complex.
United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 1998.
By Abbey Mikha
John Lock was an English philosopher and physician and commonly regarded as one of the most significant thinkers of the Enlightenment. In regards to personal identity Kenneth Winkler addressed the issue of identity being encompassed by consciousness, John Locke’s ideas on the resurrection, and the influence of memory on identity. Secondly, in his essay Harold Noonan addressed two points. First, Locke’s idea that humans are animals similar to all other animals, and the last involves the identity of thinking substances. As a result, I believe it cannot be proven that God exists, and if his identity is controversial and related to what personal identity in a human means, then we cannot be certain of human identity; rather it has some mysterious quality that we cannot yet comprehend as a species.
Identity Encompassed by Consciousness
In his essay Kenneth Winkler analyzed John Locke’s ideas in regards to personal identity and expressed what he believed Locke actually meant in his writings. Winkler discussed the “subjective constitution of the self” (149). He began by stating some of Locke’s conclusions such as that a person is, “a thinking intelligent Being, that has reason and reflection, and can consider it self as it self, the same thinking thing in different times and places” (Winkler 149). Locke expressed that we are who we are because we can think of ourselves as being our self. Therefore Winkler states that personal identity is encompassed by consciousness (149). A human being is the same individual only if he/she remembers, and is conscious of the thoughts of the same person. Winkler concludes that Locke concentrates on psychological continuity (149).
Kenneth Winkler also points out the issue of the resurrection and this is related to personal identity because of how Locke illustrates that the resurrected person would not be the same exact individual (152). Winkler quotes Locke where he expresses his belief, “...the Apostle tells us that at the Great Day, when everyone shall receive according to his doings, the secrets of all Hearts shall be laid open” (Winkler 157). This is believed by many faiths including Christianity; that every good and bad thought, deed, and action will have to be justified in the day of reckoning. He continues by expressing that Locke’s analysis of spiritual bodies advocates for that they are not the same animal bodies that those who inhabit the earth have (Winkler 159). So not only did God create humans in the beginning, but he can also bring the essence of humans back to life, in the end of days, in new and better bodies. Winkler concludes that Locke believes that there is a difference between personal identity and bodily identity. The essence of personal identity can be everlasting but bodily identity withers away.
Winkler also suggests that the self is determined by what it can remember (156). He expressed that consciousness is not transparent, that it has an unknown real essence (171). He stated that, “As a result Locke will be under pressure to conclude that personal identity is constituted not by consciousness, but by its unknown foundation (Winkler 171). We don’t know what exactly makes a person be that same person continuously, and how he/she changes as living through the stages of life, and growing from a child to an adult, and the role that God has in all of this. As a result of the prior thoughts I believe if Gods role in personal identity is controversial and his identity is related to what personal identity means, then we cannot be certain of human identity; rather it has some mysterious quality that we cannot yet comprehend as a species.
On Being Human
The first interesting point in Harold Noonan’s essay is that Locke believed that humans are a kind of animal similar to all other animals (Noonan 344). It is surprising that Locke would reach such a conclusion since he is not an evolutionist and he has so much faith in the existence of God. The God that Locke believes exists, a just and superior being, would not make his handiwork in the likeness of animals, but this is also controversial. If this God was who is said of him that he is, he would imprint the human as his own, and related to him by making him at least partly in his image and likeness, because this is the inherent Goodness of such a God. God is not an animal so humans cannot be animals, and if God is the just God he is proclaimed to be then he must have created humans similar to his being.
Noonan believes that Locke thought of Spirits “by analogy as if they were immaterial particles” (344). So the human spirit for Locke does not substitute for the human form; humans have spirits, but that does not mean that they are exclusively unrelated to the rest of the species on earth. For Locke the spirit and the body cannot constitute one in the same thing because for him the spirit, which entails personal identity, is something which can potentially exist forever whereas the body can only survive for a certain number of years. Harold Noonan does not state whether he agrees or disagrees with this point of view he just states the case.
Noonan also believes that when Locke writes about personal identity, he is sure that it does not involve identity of thinking substance (345). Noonan states, “Since he also defines a ‘person’ as a ‘thinking, intelligent being’ he has been thought to be involved in a contradiction here (345). Within Locke’s writings of personal identity he indicated that when thinking “there is always a substance that does the thinking” (Noonan 345). It is not completely clear what Locke means by substances. I understand it to mean essence.
Thoughts on Personal Identity
Although Locke is humble and he is trying to understand humanity, his theories cannot all be proven especially his belief that the Biblical God exists, and how this relates to personal identity. If it cannot be proven that the Creators identity is real and that identity is related to personal identity, and what it means to be human, then we cannot be certain of human identity. God’s existence is a matter of faith, our existence is real, but who we are in relation to God is still not completely clear. It would be interesting to know whether Locke is firstly seeking truth, or rather unknowingly trying to seek Christian scripture brought to life. Locke was concerned with humankind’s punishment at the end of days; making sense of the resurrection was highly important to him, because he was trying to understand this world, in order to comprehend the world to come after, and this influenced his view on personal identity.
Locke wrote that because God is, “without beginning, eternal unalterable and every where...concerning his Identity, there can be no doubt”(Locke Book II 27: 3 p 61). He states this point but does not question the statement because of his immense faith; Locke’s argument rests on the truthfulness of the former statement about God. His ideas about God are inspirational, and many people hope for this to be true, but we don’t know for certain, and it is rather surprising but very Christian of Locke that he would build a philosophical argument based on a foundation of faith, which is mainly what the Christian religion requires, a sort of intuitive faith. Some people may argue that although we cannot prove that there is a God and that his identities existence is related to the understanding of personal identity in humans, we also cannot disprove that there is a God, and so the human God relationship still stands. To such people we could respond that all that we can prove is that we exist, and if we exist then there is some probability that a being greater than us also exists, but that if our personal identity is related to the identity of God then we have to explore this issue further as entire human species to find answers to those important questions; nonetheless the existence of God is still not a certainty only a probability.
Locke is continually concerned with what it means to be self when he states, “And by this everyone is to himself that which he calls self; it not being considered in this case whether the same self is continued in the same or diverse substances” (Locke Book II Chapter 27:9 p 63. He always seems to be thinking about his faith and how it will be possible for God to resurrect a substance and within it guarded its own unique personal identity. Some people might argue that just because Locke has faith in the traditional Christian religion that does not mean that he cannot be a bearer of truth. This may be very true, but some things like the existence of the Biblical God cannot be proven, only believed by those as they say are blessed because they believe without seeing, but those who only believe when they see, or when they comprehend something completely are maybe labelled as nonbelievers.
When Kenneth Winkler concluded that consciousness is not transparent, that it has an unknown real essence (171), it made sense to me. I believe it is along the same line of reasoning, which would conclude that personal identity of humans and of God has such an unknown mysteriousness. There is something rather unexplained about consciousness that is beyond our self; we may not be able to understand it until we have advanced further as a species. The unusualness of consciousness is especially evident for example with people with mental health issues. A person with a mental disorder may believe himself or herself to be someone who they are not and the irregularities of such assumptions make one wonder about what consciousness entails. This individual may not know who they truly are, and only depend on the objectivity of parents, or other loved ones, to remind them who they are. So this person is not clear on his/her identity because they are not particularly conscious and sanity may comes in the form of medication. Although while ill they are still a “thinking thing” and are conscious, but the issue is that their consciousness has become unbalanced. Some people might argue that people who have a mental health issue are only the exception to the rule and are only a small minority of people. I believe it is these cases of rare occurrences that need to be investigated further to understand the capacity of the human consciousness and what it means to have personal identity.
To understand God is to better understand our personal identity and to understand our personal identity is to better understand God, if he exists; perhaps even if he does not exist since the belief in such a being has become so intertwined with human thought. To find ourselves we must find our Creator or perhaps creators, and whether we created God or God created us, is an issue that human beings are investigating, and must examine. Consciousness as related to personal identity is a mysterious issue, and civilization may have begun thousands of years ago, but we have not been able to comprehend humanity because we don't know the selves of those first men and women who existed in the beginning on earth, and perhaps that is something that is being investigated by the elite of the world right now….
Ariew, Roger, and Watkins, Eric. Readings in Modern Philosophy Volume II Locke, Berkeley, Hume and Associated Texts.Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company, 2000.
Noonan, Harold. “Locke on Personal Identity.” In: Philosophy. Vol. 53, No. 205 (Jul., 1978), pp 343-351. Cambridge University Press.
Winkler, Kenneth.”Locke on Personal Identity.” In: Locke Ed. Vere Chapell. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.
By Abbey Mikha
The ideal Renaissance man was not a complete enigma, and he had various characteristics that distinguished him as a person. When trying to define this human being, we are lead to a few eminent individuals known in history. The thinker Nicolaus Copernicus among them, was an astronomer who changed the world by being brave and discerning enough to declare that the Christian Church was mistaken. The earth, he rightfully proposed, was not the center of the universe. His ideas were very influential and contributed to future thinkers theories. Copernicus proposed that we live upon one planet amongst many in our cosmos, an idea that was new to people of his time, but was known by more ancient civilizations such as those of ancient Mesopotamia, Mesoamerica, and Egypt.
The ideal Renaissance man craved for the knowledge of the past. In The Renaissance A Very Short Introduction byJerry Brotton, he gives us clues about the Renaissance man by discussing the Renaissance itself. It is certain that the ideal Renaissance man had many qualities, but the one major characteristic that differentiated him from other human beings was his search for the wisdom of the ancient past, trying to connect this knowledge of the bygone to his time and to the future, and the combining of the popular classical philosophy of Plato with Christianity or whatever his religion was.
The ideal Renaissance man was educated in the sense that he was extremely well read and a student of the humanitatis. A man who had a vast intellectual interest in many subjects and was gifted in areas of both the arts and the sciences. He had a thirst for knowledge of all kinds whether historical, philosophical, literature, or language. He lived to increase his knowledge. In the philosophical sense Jerry Brotton mentions that:
In his The Solitary Life (De Vita Solitaria) Petrarch discussed the role of the philosopher and the role of the orator. He says, “Both the diversity of their ways of life and the wholly opposed ends for which they have worked make me believe that philosophers have always thought differently from orators. For the latter’s efforts are directed toward gaining the applause of the crowd, while the former strive-if their declarations are not false-to know themselves return the soul to itself, and to despise empty glory .
Although the ideal Renaissance man may not have been a Philosopher King which were the rulers, or Guardians of Plato’s Utopian Kallipolis, but he had the virtues spoken of in this passage. The ideal Renaissance man had his own beliefs and he stood by them, and defended them against the supposed learned world. He did not act according to what pleased the audience; rather he behaved in honesty treasuring his knowledge.
The ideal Renaissance man was a traveler, going from town to town city-to-city to discover new people, ideas, and places. He did not have many material belongings other than his prized possessions, which were books and some things he had picked up on his journey. The ideal Renaissance man had a multitude of friends from all walks of life, peasants as well as princesses and princes, queens and kings, Christians, Jews, Muslims, and Atheists. He also had many enemies. He was interested in the world and all its mysteries, but he was especially interested in the secrets of the ancient world. He was spiritual in the sense that he believed in the power of God, but he did not necessarily trust dogma.
The ideal Renaissance man was interested in the ancient past and mixing Platonic Theology with his own religion, just like Marselo Ficino proposed. Also, as Jerry Brotton discussed concerning this matter there was, “…a new fusion of the classical world and Christianity . The ideal Renaissance man was intrigued with the ancient Greeks and their philosophy, and along the way discovered a writer from the Hellenistic era the Babylonian Berossusand also Akhiqar the Assyrian wise man and his proverbs.
The ideal Renaissance man was dedicated to the following quote in Jerry Brotton’s book:
"…Contrary to Aristotle’s belief, the soul was immortal, and aspired to a cosmic unity and love of ultimate truth. Imprisoned in its earthly body, the soul, according to Ficino in his Platonic Theology (1474), ‘tries to liken itself to God’. Ficino argued that Plato: “deemed it just and pious that the human mind, which receives everything from God, should give everything back to him. Thus, if we devote ourselves to moral philosophy, he exhorts us to purify our soul so that it may eventually become unclouded, permitting it to see the divine light and worship of God" .
The ideal Renaissance man believed that his soul was everlasting, and that one day he would completely understand the beauty of God.
The ultimate Renaissance man was a wise soul, a man not of his time, a thinker, and a searcher of truth and of ultimate truth. He was not an earthly type of individual, rather he was always in search of what is beyond our skies and his head was always up to the universe. The Renaissance man was knowledgeable about theology, a science he took very seriously, much more so than we do today, but in a very open minded way. Philosophical dialogue and writing was a must for him, and he considered philosophy a treasured practice. His knowledge of classical philosophy was his connection to the very ancient past, all which he pondered and was extremely curious about. He was devoted to such subjects as ancient knowledge. Although not an extremist, he was spiritual and a mystical being, defying convention.
The Renaissance man led the world back to itself through his writings, art, and ideas. He initiated a new type of philosophy, which when we are more evolved as a society we can begin to understand it. He defied the notion that one race was greater than another, and he brought forth the idea that human beings are all equal, valuable, and a treasure of whoever or whatever made us. In Jerry Brotton’s book it stated that facets of the Renaissance were, “…humanism, religion, printing, trade, exploration, politics and empire, and the enduring presence of knowledge and wealth of the east” . The ideal Renaissance man respected the East, and as it says in Brotton’s book, most people knew that even things such as, “Navigational instruments used to work out a ship’s position in both time and space were invented by Arab and Jewish astronomers and came westwards as European travellers required navigational expertise for long-distance voyages” . Brotton also continues that, “Trade, finance, commodities, patronage, imperial conflict, and the exchange with different cultures were all key elements of the Renaissance” . The truth is that there was a cultural mingling which lead to the understanding that the East was a magical place of knowledge and wonder.
The ideal Renaissance manwas a man of many talents, abilities, and accomplishments. He was a self made man. He had a lot of knowledge on more than just a few subjects. He was a searcher of the divine. He was a universal man of wisdom and character. A man who tried to know everything although he realized he might ultimately not have enough time upon the earth to discover all. He was a humanist and an individual. Jerry Brotton said, “Humanism’s success lay in its claim to offer two things to its followers. First, it fostered a belief that the mastery of the classics made you a better, more ‘humane’ person, able to reflect on the moral and ethical problems that the individual faces in relationship to his/her social world” . The ideal Renaissance man was an extremely humane and ethical person, he could not be ideal if he was not so.
The term Renaissance comes from the French word for ‘rebirth’ . If the Renaissance was a rebirth than the ideal Renaissance man was the symbolic ideal priest of any religion, baptizing the world as people of many religions do. The Renaissance man was a man of benevolence and he was always searching for ultimate truth. It is certain that the ideal Renaissance man had many qualities, but the one major characteristic that differentiated him from other human beings was his search for the wisdom of the ancient past, trying to connect this knowledge of the bygone to his time and to the future, and the combining of the popular classical Platonic philosophy of the time with Christianity or whatever his religion was. The ideal Renaissance man was not a Philosopher King, for such a person cared mainly about his country and his people. The ideal Renaissance man was a man in many respects without citizenship, he was like a bird having no secure home of his own, but still singing beautiful tunes to human kind. It has been said that Leonardo Da Vinci was the epitome of a Renaissance man.
Jerry Brotton, The Renaissance, New York: Oxford University Press, 2006, p 42.
Jerry Brotton, The Renaissance, New York, p 15.
Jerry Brotton, The Renaissance, New York, p 112.
Jerry Brotton, The Renaissance,New York, p7.
Jerry Brotton, The Renaissance, New York, p7.
Jerry Brotton, The Renaissance, New York, p19.
Jerry Brotton, The Renaissance, New York, p 40.
Jerry Brotton, The Renaissance, New York, p 9.
Brotton Jerry, The Renaissance A Very Short Introduction, New York: Oxford University
By Abbey Mikha
Today religious affiliation is a matter of choice, but during the Inquisition it was a matter of force. This is very true for three unique people who will be discussed in this essay. Their similarities and differences will be presented and there will be a discussion of what tied these exceptional characters together. The reading of the trial excerpts changed my view about life in the Renaissance in general because people had no freedom to choose their faith, and in the case of the individual’s sense of identity they could not be who they wanted to be, because they had to be affiliated with the Christian cult of the time in a specific inflexible way. In those days the unique individual was being silenced and tortured by religion.
The first individual named Esteban Jamete was an artist and artisan who migrated across Spain . He arrived in the wake of the Protestant Reformation and at a moment when the Catholic monarchy was becoming ever more fearful that the heresies associated with Martin Luther and his followers might infect Spain . Jamete lived a wandering life, moving quickly from town to town, and job to job . The second individual Migeul de Pedrola was a tinker, a soldier, and a prophet . He was raised by a priest who taught him to read, but was also a wanderer like Jamete and worked in various places. In Sicily he entered the Spanish army as a foot soldier serving in various places. He even seems to have gone to Istanbul, where he claimed to have been held prisoner on various occasions after being taken captive by the Ottoman Turks. It was during his first captivity in Istanbul that Piedrola discovered his “supernatural gift of prophecy.” He then used this “gift” to escape the Turkish prison and to advise the Spanish viceroy on military matters . The third person of interest is Dona Blanca Mendez de Rivera. She was born in Seville about 1590 and was orphaned as a child. She was raised primarily by a cousin and later educated in a convent . She was advised to reject the Christian doctrine she had learned in the convent, and embrace the, “Law of Moses” instead . Between 1606 and 1621 she had five daughters and introduced them to Judaism. Then, following the arrest of several of her friends and relatives on charges of Judaizing Blanca and her family immigrated to Mexico City, the capital of New Spain .
What made these three individuals similar, is that as human beings, although religion was not a flexible subject at the time, they still went ahead and believed things and acted upon things which were prohibited. Jamete sang songs, which proclaimed the pope was a hoax. He did not follow all the rituals of the Christian faith. He was interested in reading prohibited books. He said about one such book, “When I read the book, I thought it was very bad because it said things against the Pope and against the sacrament of the mass, saying that the Host was only soup and wine. As for the mass, it [said it] was dirty, horrible. It also said that the Pope was pretending to be God and that he deceived men everywhere . He was reading these books because he was confused and trying to understand the rituals of a religion that he could not comprehend.
Pedrola the second person of interest on the other hand experienced perhaps some hallucinations and may have been suffering from a mental health issue. He tried to give advice to various military officials and even Kings, and perhaps he was lucky a few times in giving the right kind of recommendations. It was his noble blood, which may have saved him in the end, but his insanity can be questioned also because at his trial he renounced that he had the gift of being a prophet. He too was a creative individual who defied conventional Christian beliefs and he was perhaps even more daring than the others. He was trying to seek some kind of status through professing that he was a prophet, but he also was not afraid to challenge religion at a time when it was so strict. He basically said, “People of the land, Kings and Queens, your religion professes that throughout the ages there have been prophets on earth, so here I am a true prophet before you.” He was courageous as he was playing with fire, and in the end he did not even get burned.
Dona Blanca Mendez de Rivera the third person of interest is very different than the both of the previous individuals mentioned. She was raised in the Christian faith but was later converted to Judaism. After she had lived her life as a Jewish lady she began to despise the Christian religion because of what was taught to her. Perhaps it was the dogmatic way in which the Inquisition acted towards the Jewish people that made her foster so much resentment towards Christianity and even Jesus. The Jews were not allowed to practice their religion and they were treated very badly. Rivera followed all the Jewish rituals and she was proud of her religion. She knew she was going against the rule of the land but she still went on with her beliefs and rituals. In those days a woman could not really be who she wanted to be let alone profess a religion, which those in power did not deem appropriate for worshipping. Following the Law of Moses made Rivera a brave individual who knew she could possibly suffer as a result of her faith but still was steadfast in her religion of choice.
What happened next to these three individuals will reveal to us many things. Jamete later headed south to Toledo to work on the choir stalls of the city’s cathedral and to Ubeda in Andalucía where he worked in the church of San Salvador under the patronage of the important royal secretary, Francisco de los Cobos . In 1545, he moved to Cuenca after having been invited there to work on the city’s unfinished cathedral. Two years later, he was appointed a familiar attached to the inquisitorial tribunal located in the city, apparently because he was considered a loyal and faithful Roman Catholic. In 1557, however, the judges of this same tribunal ordered Jamete’s arrest on charges of “Lutheranism” . Being an artisan did not help Jamet in his trial. A string of witnesses who testified maintained that he was a “bad Christian” who regularly criticized both the Church and its doctrines .
Piedrola, person number two visions on the other hand won him a large following in both Italy and Spain; his prophetic messages were also politically and religiously unsettling. Piedrola insisted that by virtue of his prophetic gift, he was above the authority of kings and clergy and warned that all those who did not abide by his message, regardless of rank, would suffer the wrath of God. In September 1587, the Cortes, entertained the possibility of appointing Piedrola as the kingdom’s first “royal prophet,” the Inquisitions Tribunal of Toledo arrested him on charges of false prophecy . Following his imprisonment, Piedrola initially defended himself by asserting that he was a true prophet and his arrest was unjust. But he soon launched into a full-scale counterattack that culminated in his claiming that the Inquisition’s had no jurisdiction over prophets. He predicted that if the inquisitors proceeded against him, they too would confront divine punishment .
In regards to person number three, Rivera, in 1641 a new viceroy, together with the Inquisition, initiated a crackdown on the city’s crypto-Jewish community with the help of specially recruited spies, one of whom, Gasper de Robles, was Blanca’s relative . Dona Blanca Mendez de Rivera and her family found themselves in the inquisitorial prison in 17 May 1642 . She was arrested when she was about fifty years old .
The above shows that there were many differences between the three individuals. These were mostly evident in the way they were treated during their trials and the results of their trials. For example the inquisitor calls Esteban Jamete a heretic. They accuse him of being a follower of Martin Luther . They found his imagination contrary to their doctrines. Jamete said that he found it to be wrong that God the father, the son, and the Holy Spirit were represented in different ways and that they should be represented as the same exact person because he said that, “God is eternally one” . They accused him of, “Lack of fear for Jesus Christ . They said that he sings in French songs that no one understands. He sings a song that begins, “The Pope in Rome who pretends to be God,” . On 11 December 1557, the Inquisitors decided that Jamete should be tortured with “cords and a rack.” As soon as the cords around his wrists were tightened, he professed that: “God…I believe in God, and I believe that in matters of faith I have not offended God except in occasional blasphemies [curses] and other pranks.” . Jamete was three times in the torture chamber where he was subjected to questions under duress. The inquisitors revoked the sentence of excommunication. Jamete had to publically abjure his past errors at an auto de fe and wear a anbenito for three years . One hundred lashes were also ordered. Confiscation of Jamete’s goods, the requirement that he attend weekly mass and go off every Saturday on a pilgrimage to the nearby shrine of Nuestra Senora de la Fuente. Jamete also had to swear to “keep secret everything that he had seen or heard while in this Holy Office” . France was considered heretical compared to Catholic Spain . It seems that he was punished very harshly.
On the other hand for Migeul de Pedrola who when he came back to Madrid learned that he was a fourth degree descendent of the valiant nobleman de Piedrola, because of his lineage won a sentence of nobility in his favor . When questioned by the inquisition he denied being a prophet .
“In the end, because of his “good confession, repentance and tears,” the inquisitors granted Piedrola mercy, according to their definition. They sentenced him to appear in an auto de fe, abjure de levi and forbade him to ever again read the Bible or other Holy Scriptures, own paper, write letters, or speak of religious matters. They also sentenced Piedrola to a five-year prison sentence, which in inquisitorial vocabulary was called “perpetual jail” .
It seems that people of noble blood were considered more worthy of the Inquisitions mercy, even those who had considered themselves prophets, something that had not been considered possible for many thousand years.
The Inquisition also questioned and tortured Dona Blanca Mendez de Rivera, a fifty-year-old woman! They kept her isolated, which did not please her at all. In the end they voted to sentence Blanca to “perpetual imprisonment” which meant a sentence of no more than five years. They also sentenced her to wear her sanbenito in permanence to hear masses and recite certain prayers, and to be publicly shamed, flogged, and exiled from the Indies . The ways in which these three individuals were sentenced shows the deeply ingrained beliefs of the Inquisition of these groups: The French, the noble, and the Jew.
The problems inherent to studying autobiographies mediated by the prism of an institution like the Spanish Inquisition is that much of what was written may have been lies. How can we be sure that the opinions of the people of the Inquisition were not twisted and turned to their favor to make it seem as if they were in the right? How can we trust those who have written the texts also when they were so ruthless? These were not people to be trusted or people who were fair and open minded who could tell us the truth about anyone, let alone a French Christian, a Noble Christian, and a Jewish woman.
The time of the Inquisition was a fearful time where no human beings were safe of their scrutiny. Even those who were good Christians were tortured and even killed because it was the Inquisitions choice to choose who was “good” and who was “bad.” It is very sad to think of all the people who died at the hands of these radicals and at the hands of religion. Religion should always be a matter of choice.
Poor Jamete, he suffered excruciating torture, lucky Pedrola his noble blood saved him, and last but not least poor Rivera, she only followed a doctrine that she was taught from someone that she had trusted. Faith is a controversial issue. It leads us back to question when the first human beings appeared on the earth and wonder why didn’t the Creator or perhaps creators give the human beings at the time a clear doctrine or philosophy to follow. And why weren't people encouraged to be spiritual, rather than build the contraversial religions of the world...
Abigail Dyer, Richard, Kagan. Inquisitorial Inquiries. Baltimore Maryland:John Hopkins University Press, 2011,p36.
Abigail Dyer, Richard, Kagan. Inquisitorial Inquiries. Baltimore Maryland, 2011, p 36.
Abigail Dyer, Richard, Kagan. Inquisitorial Inquiries. Baltimore Maryland, 2011, p 36.
Abigail Dyer, Richard, Kagan. Inquisitorial Inquiries. Baltimore Maryland, 2011, p 88.
Abigail Dyer, Richard, Kagan Inquisitorial Inquiries. Baltimore Maryland, 2011, p 88.
Abigail Dyer, Richard, Kagan Inquisitorial Inquiries. Baltimore Maryland, 2011, p 180.
Abigail Dyer, Richard, Kagan Inquisitorial Inquiries. Baltimore Maryland, 2011, p 180.
Abigail Dyer, Richard, Kagan Inquisitorial Inquiries. Baltimore Maryland, 2011, p 180.
Abigail Dyer, Richard, Kagan Inquisitorial Inquiries. Baltimore Maryland, 2011, p 42.
Abigail Dyer, Richard Kagan. Inquisitorial Inquiries. Baltimore Maryland, 2011, p 37.
Abigail Dyer, Richard Kagan. Inquisitorial Inquiries. Baltimore Maryland, 2011, p 37.
Abigail Dyer, Richard Kagan. Inquisitorial Inquiries. Baltimore Maryland, 2011, p 37.
Abigail Dyer, Richard Kagan. Inquisitorial Inquiries. Baltimore Maryland, 2011, p 89.
Abigail Dyer, Richard Kagan. Inquisitorial Inquiries. Baltimore Maryland, 2011, p 89.
Abigail Dyer, Richard Kagan. Inquisitorial Inquiries. Baltimore Maryland, 2011, p 180.
Abigail Dyer, Richard Kagan. Inquisitorial Inquiries. Baltimore Maryland, 2011, p 180.
Abigail Dyer, Richard Kagan. Inquisitorial Inquiries. Baltimore Maryland, 2011, p 180.
Abigail Dyer, Richard Kagan. Inquisitorial Inquiries. Baltimore Maryland, 2011, p 45.
Abigail Dyer, Richard Kagan. Inquisitorial Inquiries. Baltimore Maryland, 2011, p 46.
Abigail Dyer, Richard Kagan. Inquisitorial Inquiries. Baltimore Maryland, 2011, p 46.
Abigail Dyer, Richard Kagan. Inquisitorial Inquiries. Baltimore Maryland, 2011, p 46.
Abigail Dyer, Richard Kagan. Inquisitorial Inquiries. Baltimore Maryland, 2011, p 49.
Abigail Dyer, Richard Kagan. Inquisitorial Inquiries. Baltimore Maryland, 2011, p 51.
Abigail Dyer, Richard Kagan. Inquisitorial Inquiries. Baltimore Maryland, 2011, p 51.
Abigail Dyer, Richard Kagan. Inquisitorial Inquiries. Baltimore Maryland, 2011, p 55.
Abigail Dyer, Richard Kagan. Inquisitorial Inquiries. Baltimore Maryland, 2011, p 92.
Abigail Dyer, Richard Kagan. Inquisitorial Inquiries. Baltimore Maryland, 2011, p 95.
Abigail Dyer, Richard Kagan. Inquisitorial Inquiries. Baltimore Maryland, 2011, p107.
Abigail Dyer, Richard, Kagan. Inquisitorial Inquiries. Baltimore Maryland, 2011, p 208.
Abigail Dyer, Richard Kagan. Inquisitorial Inquiries Brief Lives of Secret Jews and Other Heretics. Baltimore Maryland:The John Hopkins University Press, 2011.
Dear loyal readers... My new blog is: <www.smilinggoddess.weebly.com>
I am posting my newest post on this blog too... I wish you all the best....
By Abbey Mikha
Having a humanitarian mindset is very important to me. I believe in Ghandi’s words which say, “Be the change you want to see in the world.” Although I was born into the Assyrian family I believe I am also part of the human family. I have no corrupt sentiments for any people of any nation. I have always defended my Assyrian people and will continue to do so because of the way we have been suffering, but that does not mean that I am against other human beings. On the contrary, I believe we are all part of the human race, under one sky, and within a universe which was made for all.
All my life and especially since my high-school days I have been trying to spread love and compassion between peoples of nations and individuals wherever we meet. It is necessary for all human beings to make that promise to each other. Imagine what we could accomplish if we accepted one another as human beings and tried to help each other rather than discriminating and shutting people out because they are different.
When people discriminate against me I say, “These are people without compassion.” All I have done is try to spread love and understanding between all peoples. I don’t advocate for the belief that people need to be millionaires to be happy, or to drive Lamborghinis, or even that they need to be famous. To me that is not very important. I always try to live a humble and simple life. I don’t even own a car and if I did I would have a small economical car like the Fiat 500 Lounge. To me having an amazing car does not make an individual an amazing person. And that also goes for having an extraordinary house, wardrobe, and diamond rings.
I live a simple life and am becoming happier every day. I know the universe will conspire to protect these types of sentiments always and am glad to live a life where I do what I believe in, not what anyone else has told me I should believe. I will not be part of a plot to take over the souls of people who are basically required to live a life which if they were not pressured by the culture they would probably never live. I am neither in chains nor a servant of fools and I encourage everyone to be free.
Since humanitarianism is part of my mindset I understand that there are good and bad people from every nation of the world. Truly there is no race above another or immune from having aggravating people as part of it. You could be from any nation and I would have a conversation with you with an open mind and heart. I would have kind words of compassion and I would try to inspire you to be part of pact and promise for the benefit of humanity as a whole.
In the past days I was sad at a few things which occurred and felt like I was treated unfairly, but I still will not let hatred into my heart. I will always do my best to spread love around the world and I believe a loving heart is a gift from the universe. There is no other approach to life I could live with.
My favourite humanitarians are all INFJ’s like: Ghandi, Mother Teresa, Martin Luther King, and The Dalai Lama etc. INFJ stands for, “Introversion, Intuition, Feeling, Judging.” And is an acronym used in the publications of the Myers–Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) to refer to one of the sixteen personality types. I took this test two times and both times I also had the result of the personality type INFJ. This made me happy because it is an honour to be considered similar to such people.
These humanitarians are all individuals who lived by their words rather than saying one thing and doing another. Humanitarianism is very important and we all need to spread it around the world and become advocates for its spirit.
You might be part of a dream, like for example the American Dream, but there are also universal powers which are trying to manifest on Earth. No one can stop the universe. It’s like the words, “Que Sera Sera whatever will be will be…”
Let us all make a promise and come together and make a pact to be part of the humanitarianism movement. Like the Dalai Lama says, “War is out dated.” In the year 2018 there should be no war. People of the human race should be accepting each other. All cultures should be respected. The Earth should become a mosaic of nations.
No race should ever be considered above any other race of people. No one is special specifically because everyone is special as an individual and as nations of the world. We are all the children of the universe and we should all stand up for what is virtuous, decent, and right.
By Abbey Mikha
To all my loyal readers on my Assyrian Thinker site, guess what? I’m trying something new. I might not do this every day or every week, but perhaps every time I dress up for something. Although I love writing about Psychology, History, and other subjects I also love blogging about fashion. So, now you guys can find me on Bloglovin’. :)
I look forward to posting pictures and articles about what I’m feeling, thinking, and wearing. Perhaps this will turn into something amazing in the future.... The following is my first blog post on Bloglovin’. Hope you will love it. :)
Not only can you follow me on Bloglovin’ but also on my new Weebly blog called: www.smilinggoddessfashion.weebly.com
I look forward to interacting with you on those platforms... 😍
Being curvy or chubby is a reality for me for many years although I’ve been trying to do something about it. I noticed that there aren’t that many plus size stores for women in Windsor, Canada where I live which upset me. There are many online….
When I was a teenager I took pictures for a modeling agency called Faces based in Toronto. I didn’t know at that time that I would be facing so many issues to do with weight in the future. I used to be an athlete in grade school and high school too but during university I gained much weight. I studied Psychology and History and these subjects took over my life for many years…
Now my life is changing and I realized how much I love fashion. Even though I’m on a weight loss journey I want to wear things that are stylish and classy on the way of getting to my goal weight.
The other day my mom and I went out and I was wearing this dress that I bought in previous years. I stood before a picture of my Assyrian ancestors like brilliant light looking something like the Mona Lisa…
I know that women of all sizes are beautiful and even curvy women like me are not less than others, rather goddesses who deserve to be respected and treasured like all other human beings…
I admire women who are plus size and also fashionable because I believe they are really beautiful, brave, bold, and spirited….
Follow me if you want to see pictures of a real woman who loves fashion.
With a worried heart and mind I write today that I am against the Kurdish occupation of our Assyrian land in North of Iraq. I wish that in the upcoming days, months, and years the miserable situation of the people of Iraq will change. I hope the occupation game is over because this Kurdish referendum has been refused by the Iraqi government and this is the time to recognize that the Assyrians have a right to their Assyrian land and Assyrian federal region in Iraq. My prayers are with all the good people in Iraq today. This country has seen much horror and it deserves peace and that countries from the outside will stop meddling with its politics for their own benefit. God bless the Assyrian people and all good people in Iraq and the world.
By Abbey Mikha
Throughout my life I’ve been searching for meaning and this has been central to heart and a significant exploration process. It is my passion and most probably the most important issue of my life. I believe a life without meaning is valueless. The most important question when searching for meaning to me is, “We were born into this earth but why are we really here?” What is our purpose and what path are we supposed to take? For men and women in their late teens a primary question that might be thought about is: school, career, or marriage? Some might wonder if they should just volunteer in the community and in that way find employment? That could be a pathway for many rather than formal schooling. For people who suffer from illness this question might be even more confusing. For families who are immigrants and new to the country asking this question is important because they are starting a new life with new dreams. So, what are we supposed to do to find that meaning in our life?
Our traditional culture and its customs can be a good place to start to find meaning, but we do not have to believe every single thing our parents or grandparents or larger community believes. Sometimes the world we are surrounded by is a little phony and we have to find our own authentic way. Each of us may find meaning on different paths. It is really an individual matter.
Balance is also important for meaning. Let us explore an example. Imagine working overtime and exhausting ourselves in order to have all the things we desire. This may not always be the most significant thing to do in life, especially when we are putting our health at risk. Even Jesus said, “… If thou wilt be perfect, go and sell that thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come and follow me.”
Can we do this though when we are in our vicious life routine? Some of us wake up really early barely even eating breakfast. Then get through the day drinking many coffees and eating a sweet snack. Then when we get home at night we have a huge meal and we go to sleep. We get six hours of sleep and then we do this routine all over again every single business day. The remedy to this issue must be minimalism because the fewer things we require the less we need to worry about being affluent.
My younger self wanted to have that routine of working very hard and perhaps being well-off. My reality now though is very different. I had to change the way I think about life and about having things because of life circumstances. I feel lucky to have a roof over my head, food on the table, and a loving family around me. That is what is most important to me. I feel like I am starting to find balance in life although my life is not perfect and in this way value my life and have experienced meaning. Finding equilibrium in our work and therefore also our minds and with our emotions is very imperative for meaning.
Harmony is also important in life when trying to find meaning. Harmony was the way in which Natives and the Aboriginal people of the United States and Canada interacted with nature and the earth. It is something we must learn from them and their advanced society. Whatever our situation may be right now if we look on the bright side and try to be happy we have found harmony and something significant.
There are people who live in regions of the world where there are hurricanes and where they have recently lost everything. They must have hope because they have survived and must continue to live and construct their life. I admire the way Americans have come together for the people who are distressed and are donating and helping as much as they can. This is truly beautiful to see in a time of much self-interest in the world. This is harmony and love at work.
There are also countries with war and even genocides, like for example my Assyrian nation who has suffered not just one genocide but from one massacre to the next. As Assyrians we will find harmony and meaning in this life by standing up for our nation and with all distressed people. That is why we were born as Assyrians. This is the time to raise our voice for Assyria! We are lucky to live in peaceful areas of the world where we can protest. We are not challenged by nature nor will we be slayed by other persons. This is the time for our beautiful Assyrian nation to rise together. We must continue working for our nation and this is the least that we can do, or else after we might regret what we did not do.
My further suggestion in regards to harmony in life is that we should not concentrate about the pressures and anxieties of life rather think about our dreams. Turn your dreams into little goals and whenever you reach or surpass a goal on the journey towards your vision celebrate and in this way experience harmony and meaning. The Assyrian people have a dream and vision to bring Assyria back on the world map and from invisibility to visibility. This is our vision and though it might be impending we keep it in our heart and soul every day of our life.
We also find meaning in life by transforming ourselves and who we first thought we are into who we will eventually become. Like a beautiful butterfly. When we are young we are all lost in this world especially those of us who did not have a lot of guidance. We do not know who we really are. Some of us are very innocent and only doing our best in this life. Eventually as time passes and we grow older, or rather we are involuntary pushed by the various situations and through experiences we go through into becoming the individuals we are now. We must remember we have power to control the person we become and if we do not like something in our character we can always change. There is much meaning in fashioning ourselves anew. We must remember we have much authority over ourselves and in this way find meaning.
In order to also find meaning we must realize that we are here to learn about ourselves, others, and the world. That is why we should always be students for life. Growing in awareness is very important. I have read that there are people that read a book a day in order to gain more information about how to get rich. I would like to read a book a day in order to grow in meaning in life and in my spiritual self. I wish we could all connect to our higher selves and believe this kind of reading about mystical matters will do this for us.
We will also only find meaning in the world if we do good in the world. If we are the type of persons where it is difficult for us to influence people positively then a desk job would be ideal. Certainly do not become a teacher or a priest. Teachers are supposed to be a force of light for their students and encourage them to reach the heights they dream of. I had a professor in university who happens to be originally from India. When he was teaching young kids previous to becoming a professor they would show him scribbles and he would say to them, “That is beautiful!” This is the type of personality who should be a teacher not the type who put their students down.
Priests on the other hand are supposed to lead their congregation in the right path of spirituality. So many times people in this profession only want to regulate the minds of their followers as they were also controlled by their predecessors, or where they originally learned about their “religion.” In this way they limit the awareness of the people who follow them blindly and believe everything they say. Some churches even try to control the complete identity of a nation just so they can continue with building their church. This is the way they have imprisoned the souls of their people and they are proud to do this supposedly in the name of God.
Also, it must be said if the churches and temples of the various religions on earth want to be effective they should give the priesthood back to women and allow them to be leaders and the speakers of lessons and even sermons.
Furthermore, to figure out what we believe in life is to find meaning. Are we religious? Are we spiritual? Do we believe in one religion? Do we believe in a few? Do we believe in none of them, or all of them? Growing in spirituality and in knowledge about mysticism will help us to find meaning in our life. Actively thinking about these issues is very important. Imagine a divine dialectic from the beginning of “religion” and civilization until today. There are ideas which are the thesis and one or a few groups of people follow those. Then there is a split and there are other ideas that other peoples follow which are the antitheses. These ideas eventually create other ideas that others follow which become the syntheses. Try to imagine that complex web from the beginning of time! While some continue to split into various groups there are innumerable beliefs, ideas, and traditions which continue to form, while they all seem to think that their way is set in stone and immaculate. This is what we are dealing with in the world of today.
We must also have courage to find meaning. Though the whole world might stand against us when we believe in something will we stand alone? That is a comment I remember saying and thinking when I was ten. I have stuck to this belief and am still with that energy trying to spread the urgent message that my suffering Assyrian nation is being deprived of a homeland, as the Kurds have started their referendum whereby they want to officially make their occupation of Assyrian land sanctioned, on the backs of the deprived and suffering Assyrian people. No one is standing in the way of these criminals in power and many do not care who are ill-informed about the Assyrian nation, history, and culture.
To continue to find meaning in life we must also change. I used to try to avoid change at all costs. Always more happy with the familiar, but we must be open to change. Being open to change means that we are open minded. Sometimes we think things about love for example like that we have a soul mate or twin flame. The truth is that there are many people who could be compatible with us not just one special person. Everyone is special in their own way. Being stubborn about a relationship won’t give us more meaning in life. We have to meet and get to know new people and try to develop in our relationships and in this way find significance and meaning.
We have to also care for others to find meaning in life and we have to accept them regardless of what culture and or religion they are from. We should not have a problem with any people from any culture or religion, but I personally do take an issue with people who are racist throughout history and also in the present time. There are bigoted and chauvinistic people and truly these racists are a tribe of their own. Not only do they have an immense hatred of people of various cultures they teach it to their children, students, and citizens of their country like in occupied Assyria where the Kurds teach lies about the Assyrians and our history. This is wrong and these people must be stopped because I believe the eventual fate of the human race rests on this issue which is interrelated with so many other world problems and concerns.
Compassion will also lead us to meaning in life. Yesterday I was watching Dr. Phil who interviewed Sinead O’Conner a singer who found fame in her twenties with her rendition of Prince’s song, “Nothing Compares 2 U.” The singer talked about how her mother beat and abused her sexually and emotionally. I listened to Sinead words and in the end all I found was that she had sympathy for her mother. What a great soul I thought to myself! Although her mother had hurt her deeply, all she wanted was that she could have taken care of her mom, shown her love, and let her know that she was loved. Her mother was not well at all when she was abusing Sinead. Sinead suffers from a mental illness now and is feeling alone in the world, but I believe though that she will find new meaning in her life because of her compassionate nature. Empathy for others is very important in life and to find meaning. If we can sympathize with others we can also direct this energy inward and sympathize with ourselves.
Spiritual love is also important to find meaning. This is the reason many of us have not been in a relationship for years. We hope to meet someone someday who we can have that kind of blessed love with. A love at a very sacred spiritual level where we see each other as beautiful souls and we forget about the physical or at least not make it the most important thing in the relationship. I wish that kind of love to every man and woman because it is the kind of love where we will really be understood and treasured. I personally have always been attracted to that soul to soul kind of love. Do you all want to have a relationship in life with someone who only wants to compete with you? I had that kind of relationship too and it was the worst experience. For those who said, “No” in regards to my question I know a spiritual relationship will be to our benefit and to find meaning.
Lastly I want to say that to find meaning in life we should not hate those who are different. We cannot hate others of other cultures. People who hate are cruel, unkind, and living in a box. Education could help in this regard. For some people though no matter how much they learn about people of other cultures and societies their racism and prejudice will only grow. These are very limited kinds of people. Meaning in life for them is connected to the supremacy of their own culture and society alone. They can never accept others. Eventually they will be confronted with situations where they must expand their mind and consciousness and hopefully they do that.
There are on earth people from various areas and they are all human beings, though sometimes the way several groups in the world conduct themselves in societies makes us wonder. The citizens of the earth deserve help in order to be able to live, survive, and thrive. We are all great, beautiful, special, and deserve respect in life. If you are not the type of person who knows how to respect others and their culture then put yourself in those individuals’ shoes. Can you? Would you want to be disrespected?
By Abbey Mikha
The term psychology generally means the study of the human mind and its functions. We have learned that as human beings we can change our mind and hence our life if we try. We can always develop our consciousness. This is part of our universal God given strength of mind. We have will power and we can use it! Jeffrey Kluger who is a senior writer at Time Magazine and author of nine books on various topics said, “Indeed, the best way to think of willpower is not as some shapeless behavioural trait but as a sort of psychic muscle, one that can atrophy or grow stronger depending on how it's used” . We must use this muscle just like we are supposed to be developing our bodily physique and also our soul. A lot of times we hear the sentence in psychology, “Use it or lose it.” This could be true in regards to determination as well.
We have to take care of ourselves and our psychology in life but it is inevitable that we will also have to take care of others as well. So, we must be physically, mentally, and spiritually fit for this responsibility, or else we will not be able to help anyone wholly. When we are balanced in such a way and happy we can spread cheerfulness and love to all those around us. This is important in a world where sometimes it is rare to see individuals fully content and joyful. We do not have to be wealthy to be pleased in life. Many are satisfied to live a humble life and like it is said in the prayer Our Father “give us this day our daily bread.” I personally do not even own a car!
Self-confidence is also important and this we must cultivate. When we are developing in life sometimes it is difficult to connect to this type of assurance. I remember grade school, being an athlete on various sports teams, having a rock hard body, and a great personality, yet still feeling like I did not fit in with my peer group and always feeling different. I recollect that time fondly but it would have been great when growing up to have been more content with myself. I like to remind everyone no matter age to always remember the universe loves you and you are a very special person that is here on earth to grow in consciousness, be of service, and also enjoy life. Not many people said such words to me while growing up and that is why I believe they are important to say.
Being of Service on Earth requires us to pull others up with us as we are also helping ourselves grow as human beings. I always believed that we are all at different levels of spirituality. Not all souls are as advanced as others but one thing that is important and to the benefit of all soul levels is being healthy. We have to be here on Earth in order to do the work we were sent to do. If we are not healthy how can we help anyone? I say this to myself often as I also struggle with this issue.
Eating a balanced diet with less sugar, fat, and empty calories is to our benefit. We should avoid processed food as much as possible. Visiting the farmers market and eating foods that are in season is advantageous. When we eat more vegetables and fresh colourful food and incorporate them into our meals we will love them. They really can be very delicious! My favourite vegetarian dish is an Assyrian dish from my culture called Dolma which is grape leaves stuffed with rice, parsley, tomatoes, onion, peppers, garlic, lemon, olive oil, and spices. I have read that many people who achieve a high level of consciousness become vegetarians and it is something I aspire to be. Drinking plenty of water is also important to stay hydrated.
As we are on our health journey imagining our ultimate self and trying to connect to it is favourable. Wherever we may live finding a place to take walks with a good friend or family outside in nature will revitalize our spirit. Remember no matter where we are at in our health journey we are all beautiful. Every being the good God made is wonderful and everyone who has a good heart is the loveliest person in the world.
One issue I see the world struggling with immensely right now is that we must continue to grow in spirituality regardless of what religion we are born into. One time I went to an Indian psychic and he asked me, “What religious tradition do you follow.” I replied to him, “All of them.” I almost saw him jump from his seat for he was not used to hearing such a comment. This was seven years ago, but I have believed this for a long time. I believe in Jesus, Buddha, Krishna, Inanna, Confucius, Mary the mother of Jesus, Kuthumi, and many many others. Many of these beings were born into various “religions” on Earth but they even transcended those religions! How absurd to think that only one religion is the right path for all to follow. The truth is that there are many pathways to God. When thinking that one religion is the only route to God that means there should also be one language and culture in the world inevitably and maybe even sadly one race right? This is wrong on so many levels but the behaviour of many nations today seems as if this is their belief and ideology. For example the Kurdish government right now is trying to steal the North of Iraq which is Assyria and claim the land and call it "Kurdistan." This region of the world has always been Assyrian and my people are the indigenous people of this land. We need the world community to stand with the Assyrians and let the Kurd's know that the Kurdification of the Assyrian people and land must stop. We have a right to exist as Assyrians and yes even claim our ancestral land.
Happiness in Life:
The things we go through in life do not necessarily make us happy. It is rather how we interpret these events in our life. Our choices will make us happy if they are aligned with our beliefs. If we do things which are against our own soul we will suffer greatly. Also, if we want to grow in consciousness we should have a value system that we follow. We have to have standards.
Deceiving people is never the right path in life. Also, self-deception will make us mistakenly feel justified in for example hurting others. We should never lie to ourselves and trick our mind into believing that hurting others is to our benefit because it is never to anyone’s benefit. We should always strive to be decent human beings not just because it affects others but also because the reality is our own soul is involved. In life how can any persons live with themselves when they know they have wronged so many?
I also believe in protecting our mind and soul from those who might try to trick and mislead us. We must create for ourselves a community of trustworthy folks who will be there for us when we need them, rather than the type of individuals who will only be around us when they need us. Even if this means that our circle of friends will be smaller. It is better to have a handful of close friends who will be there for each other through thick and thin, than having many “friends” that we cannot count on. My grandfather Yousif used to say that a few great friends in life are all we need and more than a few is too many.
If we want to make a change in life and get to a higher level of consciousness we have to take responsibility for our actions. We must be honest with ourselves. When we want to change we have to accept the person we are at the present time and then go from there. Even if we are not completely happy with who we are we can always change.
While growing as human beings we make a lot of choices. Some we are happy with but other times we do things which we cannot even understand why we did them. We have to come to terms with this and realize that no one is perfect. This is all part of developing our soul and part of growth. We should treat ourselves with empathy when we are trying to change and mature. Be aware and think about what you want in life and then go in that direction. Write yourself a letter and see what it is that your soul will communicate on paper through pen. You might be surprised. Be proud of your voyage in this life. To continue to grow in consciousness we have to find out what it is that we believe and our reality about this world and the universe. If we want to change we have to change the way we think as well.
Abraham Maslow’s Humanistic Psychology:
Fulfilling what we could be is part of a psychological term called self-actualization. There are many self-actualized people on Earth today and some have reached a very high level of perception, awareness, and mindfulness. These are people who are thriving and truly alive. A psychologist named Abraham Maslow contributed much to this topic.
As a young man Abraham Maslow saw himself as being unlike others. He felt inferior. He was self-conscious of his small physique and large nose! He began reading books to compensate for his lack of confidence. Maslow believed that there are twelve characteristics which define those who are self-actualized. According to David Tze they are the following:
1) Self-actualized people embrace the unknown and the ambiguous.
2) They accept themselves, together with all their flaws.
3) They prioritize and enjoy the journey, not just the destination.
4) While they are inherently unconventional, they do not seek to shock or disturb. Unlike the average rebel…
5) They are motivated by growth, not by the satisfaction of needs.
6) Self-actualized people have purpose.
7) They are not troubled by the small things. Instead, they focus on the bigger picture.
8) Self-actualized people are grateful. They do not take their blessings for granted, and by doing so, maintain a fresh sense of wonder towards the universe.
9) They share deep relationships with a few, but also feel identification and affection towards the entire human race.
10) Self-actualized people are humble.
11) Self-actualized people resist enculturation. They do not allow themselves to be passively moulded by culture — they deliberate and make their own decisions, selecting what they see as good, and rejecting what they see as bad. They neither accept all, like a sheep, nor reject all, like the average rebel.
12) Despite all this, self-actualized people are not perfect .
This description might make us believe that self-actualized people are the ultimate human beings, but perhaps self-actualization is one of the steps on the way to continue to raise our consciousness. The higher our mindfulness and wakefulness in regards to ourselves and others the higher our awareness. We must continue to be enthusiastic about reaching our highest potential. Being spiritual and realising that various faiths can lead to us to God is important factor in developing further. Did you know that God does not have just “male characteristics” but there is also such a being in the universe called Mother Goddess?
The Ascended Masters:
People who are not selfish feel a duty to the human race, our planet Earth, and even the universe. The Aetherious society website believes the following:
“On Earth we reincarnate in order to learn karmic lessons and thereby evolve spiritually. When we have mastered the cycle of reincarnation, we have a choice – to start a new cycle of experience on a more advanced planet, or to remain on Earth as Ascended Masters in order to help the rest of humankind. A person as advanced as this will make their choice according to what they know to be the right thing to do, not according to their own personal likes and dislikes” .
We do not always know who we are from the start of our life and we are only finding out as we are growing in consciousness. Reading various books and learning at many websites on the Internet can help us. We can sense the truth in what many spiritual people are saying. Even Jesus said that truth can be distinguished and that there are people who when reading his words or hearing them in their soul will know that what he said was and is true and that he said it. The truth cannot always be what the mainstream media is propagandising, or even what we learn in school or church. We have to continue to search and sift truth from false beliefs in this life and in this way gain more understanding.
In conclusion, we have discussed and considered various thoughts on the subject of how to develop our own psychology. I studied psychology in university because when I was younger people always asked for my advice. I continually gave them my honest heartfelt opinion on various subjects from my understanding at that time. I had a great desire to help others. Making the world a better place was very important to me and it still is. Also, I wanted to understand myself and discover my own soul. For these reasons I have also written this article. I have shared this information with you from my level of understanding now. The issues I have conferred were short descriptions on how I believe human beings can get on the path of higher levels of consciousness and in this way connect with the beautiful and brilliantness of our own souls and hence eventually be able to connect to the universe.
Brainy Quotes. Accessed Sept 7th, 2017.
 David Sze. 2016. “Maslow, the Twelve Characteristics of a Self-Actualized Person.” Huffington Post. Accessed Sep 7th, 2017.
 The Aetherious Society. “Ascended Masters and the Spiritual Hierarchy of Earth.” Accessed Sep 7th, 2017.
Stop the Policy of Making Enemies and Let Us Become Spiritual Again in Order to Understand the Universe
By Abbey Mikha
The astounding human race should be united because we are all one and we are all more alike than we are different. We need to increase our knowledge of one another as nations and be educated about each other’s cultures in order to eradicate the discrimination that exists in the world, and in order to see each other all as special. We should never judge by outer characteristics which all are part of illusion because when looking at people we should try to understand their soul and not what we think they appear to be. This is one of the first steps in becoming more spiritual for those who judge by the physical are stuck in that mentality.
If African American women tend to have a mixture of facial features between Ghanaian and Nigerian that is wonderful isn’t it? We do not need to change our features to look more American or European. We are all beautiful, exceptional, and perfect. It does not matter whether we have black, brown, or blond hair, and it does not matter if it is thin, straight, thick, or curly. We might be blond, tall, white, blue or gray-eyed, and of Polish or German origin and that is also impeccable. People categorized as Asians are physically different in some ways from people of European lineage. In almost all cases Asians have straight, black hair and dark eyes where sometimes there is no crease visible. Some people change their features cosmetically in order to look more like others of other cultures or perhaps even like actors from Hollywood. I believe this is wrong and there are these ideas circulating the Earth about “beauty” which are making young people of various cultures all around the world feel like they are not worthy.
People of my Assyrian culture are light-mid olive, white, darker olive, and also brown in color. Some have green, blue, brown and black eyes. The issue of Assyrians is that many women and men of my culture try to cosmetically change their noses in order to look more American, or like famous men and women in the world. The sad thing though is that many times the operations are not even successful.
While the world continues to be seduced by beauty, waist size, breast size, and what society proposes through the mainstream media and the system of teaching of the world which manipulates the thinking of humans, the spaceship we are on called Earth is spinning and becoming of age. Scientists are searching for other Earths so that in the future humans could try to travel to such a place when the Earth cannot house us anymore. If human beings started to accept each other and the policy of making enemies in the world was changed because it is based on trivial matters we could all as a human race communally work together in order to explore the universe and understand what seems to be so vast and not comprehensible but necessary for our survival in the future. The issue of spirituality on earth must also be addressed because when we are trying to understand the universe in only a physical sense we may not be able to get to where we want to go.
In the next sections I will explore former professor of physics and astronomy Geoff Marcy’s thoughts, the astronomy from the dawn and beginning of civilization on Earth, countries that America considers as enemies, and one solution worldwide education for everyone and a global desire to understand our universe not just in a physical sense but also spiritually. In my mind these issues are all interrelated and important in regards to finding new Earths and space travel.
Former Professor of Physics and Astronomy Geoff Marcy’s Thoughts:
In professor Geoff Marcy’s interesting talk called, “Astrobiology and Space Exploration” which I came across at the Open Culture website , the issue of finding Earth like planets in the universe was discussed with his students at the university of Berkeley. Following is a summary of what this previous professor examined and tried to express.
Aristotle thought that the Earth is at the center of the universe. There were other philosophers like Democritus and Epicures who disagreed with Aristotle. They believe that there are many Earths, which had civilizations upon them, which come and go. These philosophers were banished to Athens because they contradicted Aristotle.
Key question, which astronomers consider is, “Are there are any habitable planets other than the Earth in the universe?” The Earth is 4.6 billions years old. Life started fast on Earth. Perhaps organic chemistry just like on Earth leads to life in other worlds as well? Question asked is, “Is intelligent life common?” There is some optimism that life might be common in the universe but Darwinian evolution is yet to be proven. We still he said only know one proven example of life and that is the Earth. He said that we have not detected life on other planets not even in our own solar system. I’m not certain about this assertion as there are many people who believe that there is life on other planets!
Other questions considered is, “Does all life need water or is it all based on DNA? Can other beings or intelligent life thrive on other types of liquids? The search for life is the main issue of Biologists, Chemists, and Astronomers currently. There are currently missions to Mars by NASA and the European counterpart ESA. The surface of Mars is dry and cold but beneath the surface there is water. The moons of Saturn called Europa and Io have the possibility to be habitable. There are going to be missions to these.
Something I was disappointed in is that professor Geoff Marcy said that he is 99.9 % sure that there are no other beings in the universe with the same technology as human beings. He said, “There are no great civilizations living on the moon.” He said that we have to venture outside of our galaxy into the Milky Way galaxy to look for intelligent life. The Milky Way galaxy is comprised of two hundred billion stars, which are a hundred thousand light-years across. Physical formation processes that created the earth might exist in other parts of the universe.
“How can you hunt for planets around other stars,” he also questioned. You may point the Hubble Space Telescope to see planets around the star. Watch the star and gravitational pull by planet. Wait for a planet to cross in front of star blocking stars light. “How long is an earth around a star?” Planets by definition do not generate their own energy. Earth does not have a nuclear reaction going on in the center. The earth is pretty faint. If we were to observe our earth from outer space the earth would be one tenth a billionth as bright as the sun. The Earth and the sun are close together as seen from outer space so detecting the Earth is going to be challenging at best. It is like trying to detect a firefly next to a searchlight or lighthouse, which is very hard to do. Therefore finding Earths is difficult. Even with the Hubble we do not have the technology to detect Earths on nearby planets.
Second way to detect planets is that they move by wobbling to gravitational pull by other planets. We can detect the wobble of a star, which is caused by the gravitational pull of the planets. We need telescopes to look or hunt for planets like for example the Keck telescope. We have not found a planet of the Earth’s mass.
Most likely way to find planets is by looking for the dimming of stars. As an Earth crosses in front of those stars it blocks a small fraction of the starlight. Through Kepler telescope we should be able to find other Earths because of the dimming.
What professor Geoff Marcy may not have realized is that we may even be able to travel the universe if we search our soul. We have more spiritual power than we think and the way to other planets may not just be to physically travel there. This frantic search for others Earths has more to do with spirituality than we think.
Astronomy from the Dawn and Beginning of Civilization on Earth:
The epic of creation called the “Enuma Elish” which was found in the library of the famous Assyrian king Ashurbanipal at Nineveh is a very interesting ancient story or documentation of the memory of universal and earthly events in ancient times. It makes us wonder if life on Earth was exported from somewhere else in the universe. The first part of the Enuma Elish states:
“When on high the heaven had not been named,
Firm ground below had not been called by name,
When primordial Apsu, their begetter,
And Mummu-Tiamat, she who bore them all,
Their waters mingled as a single body,
No reed hut had sprung forth, no marshland had appeared,
None of the gods had been brought into being,
And none bore a name, and no destinies determined-“ 
Could these first few sentences have been the equivalent of what scientists call “The Big Bang?” The Big Bang theory is the most fundamental scientific cosmology for the cosmos nowadays. The Bible also repeats these sentiments in Genesis where it states:
[1:1] In the beginning when God created the heavens and the earth,
[1:2] the earth was a formless void and darkness covered the face of the deep, while a wind from God swept over the face of the waters.
[1:3] Then God said, "Let there be light"; and there was light…
The modern country Iraq was not always called by this imprecise name. Actually it was the base of ancient and advanced civilizations such as the Sumerian, Assyrian, and Babylonian. These civilizations wrote in cuneiform and kept records of life from the beginning of progression on Earth, which scholars were later able to translate and read. There are also stories written down on cuneiform about life in another planet. There is literature, mathematics, astronomy, laws, music, and essentially the peoples of these early civilizations wrote about everything concerning life on Earth. They also looked up into the sky and wondered about the cosmos and heaven as we are doing right now and as future human beings will always continue to do.
The Enuma Elish names two gods at the beginning: Apsu and Tiamat. They have offspring some of which become very powerful and determined. Various rivalries arise. One god decides to take over the Earth, and assigns some other regions to various supporters and beaten rivals. The sky and the underground world also are allocated. Gods became slaves when they lost to this main god but then he decides to create humans to do all the work originally left for gods. The ancient civilizations in Mesopotamia mainly Sumer, Assyria, and Babylon believed in omens and used astrology as a way to know what heaven wanted to happen on Earth. The planetary observations these ancient peoples made were later used by other later civilizations such as the Greeks. They were accurate. The Sumerians, Assyrians, and Babylonians used much meticulousness and accuracy and progressive mathematics and they were supreme observers. Mostly they were concerned about how the motions of planets related to the happenings on Earth. They wanted the power of the heavens to defeat their enemies.
Countries that America Considers As Enemies:
Do you have enemies? I want to give this example of America because it is a super power, which affects the life of the peoples of the entire Earth through economy, wars, and media. Americans consider the following countries as enemies. “According to the poll, half as many Americans now view Iran as their greatest enemy from just two years ago. The current rankings now show China (20%) at the top, followed closely by North Korea (16%) and Iran (16%). From there, it trails off to Russia (9%), Iraq (7%), Afghanistan (5%), Syria (3%) — and the United States itself (2%). “ 
The simple truth is that those who create policy in America control the minds of the public by creating these enemies. Why should any nation be an enemy? At one point in time Vietnam was considered an enemy of America. Why were the poor people of Vietnam perceived as an enemy? America destroyed that country and the horrors of the war were documented.
Enemies are created when we cannot find common ground. We need to change the mentality of people to understand that the interests and policies of super powers such as those in America who create the policy of “enemies” especially in the mainstream media, which a small percentage of them own are wrong.
Learn the language of friendship once again as individuals and as a human race and reach out to those of other cultures. We are so deceived and concentrating our life on trivial things like the accumulation of wealth and having fun that we forget the important things in life like peace of mind and humanities emotional and spiritual development. When will the hatred stop so that we can all explore the universe together not just in a physical sense but also spiritually?
One Solution World Wide Education for Everyone and a Global Desire to Grow in Spirituality:
In conclusion there needs to be education about world cultures ancient and modern from a young age in schools all around the Earth so that we can start to understand each other. It is very necessary and the curriculum and system all around the world should be changed to require this. This type of learning must be profound and true and a desire to tell the story of the nations upon the earth from the beginning of civilization to the children of the Earth and all people of the Earth. The brainwashing must be reversed. At that time when all is clear peoples and nations can also concentrate on the education of their children to develop many more future Astronomers and Astronauts in order for space programs and space travel to become more advanced and so that we may be able to find new Earths. We may be surprised though that when we teach our children to become spiritual they will be able to figure out this universal matrix and how to connect to it.
Until issues are dealt with like the spreading of the knowledge that super powers such as America create enemies, and until regular folks humiliate the administrations of the world and the elite by having an open mind in regards to others and not be brainwashed. Then the human race collectively will be able to take larger steps forward in regards to space travel. It is like a stumbling block. Until we put out our hands together and come together as a human race and touch each other’s hearts and souls and accept each other we will never move forward.
Educational development, which needs to take place in regards to peoples and cultures, will aid in much more progress. If we do not understand each other we will never be able to understand our universe much more, and find for ourselves a new home perhaps in some place in the universe where we could all visit and all be welcome.
Most probably when we continue to explore the universe we will realize as a human race that we cannot understand the universe until we become spiritual and enlightened again. Trying to understand the universe in a physical sense has proven to be difficult and maybe perhaps unfulfilling. We may be able to reach the moon by spaceship but there are those who can travel to other planets with their soul. Nonetheless, we must stop the hatred on Earth and the policy of making “enemies.” We are not enemies rather we are all children of light when we connect to our core.
 Professor Geoff Marcy lecture 2010. Open Culture website http://www.openculture.com
 Dennis Bratcher. The Voice. Enuma Elish.
 Vatican archive Bible. The Book of Genesis.
 Dvorsky George. “Which Countries do Americans Perceive as Their Greatest Enemies, 2014” <http://io9.gizmodo.com/which-countries-do-americans-perceive-as-their-greatest 1528098419?utm_medium=sharefromsite&utm_source=io9_facebook>
By Abbey Mikha
Today I was thinking about what kind of article I can write and I came across a website with ten humanitarian quotes that I found profound and interesting. They can be found on a page called The Borgen Project at the following site:
I read through these quotes and decided that today would be a great day to explore them further and see what comes to mind. Being a humanitarian is the purpose of my life on earth and that is why I will always continue to promote thoughts on this subject, the oneness of the human race, and love for all.
My reality is that we can all exist and accept each other. The earth can be a mosaic of nations. What a beautiful earth that will be! There should be no war, poverty, and hatred. Love can be the energy the world pulses to and all humans can become enlightened again.
The first quote I read in the post was by someone I really admire. It said, “Life’s most persistent and urgent question is, “What are you doing for others,” and it was said by Martin Luther King Jr., civil rights activist and clergyman. He is very precise in his thought, though some may say it is a simple statement, this one question can change the world! We are not here on earth to be selfish and to only think of ourselves. We have to think of others and do things for others, even people who will never be able to recompense us for our kindness. Many people become happy when they can help anyone. These are truly spiritual people who are walking the right path. I am certain that those people who only think of themselves are not truly happy. It has been said that at the core human nature is compassionate. If people are not using this kindness within themselves they are supressing their true nature. Having a warm heart is one of the most beautiful things to have for any human being.
The second quote was by Mother Teresa. She said, “If you can’t feed a hundred people, feed just one.” That means that even if we can’t help everyone in the whole world at least we could help someone in our town or city. Jesus said something similar too. He said not to just invite well-off people to our table rather the poor. Everywhere we look in the world there are deprived people who need a helping hand. There are people dying every day because they are starving and no one even cares to think of them. There are people suffering immensely in the world right now and they need kind hearted people to find them and help.
The next quote was by a revolutionary thinker Gandhi. We may not be able to change everything we want in the world like Mahatma Gandhi said but, “Whatever you do will be insignificant, but it is very important that you do it.” Everyone must do what we are able to do for our families, our nation, and for all of humanity. I believe that even one person can change the world as is evidenced by individuals throughout history, but even small acts of kindness are an accomplishment in this hostile world. Sometimes we may say to ourselves, “What could I do?” The reality is when remembering people like Jesus, Buddha, and all the ascended masters we remember that we can do much and there is much more to do. These beings of light did much good on earth and they continue to be light workers in the universe. We may not be as brave as they were but we all have that spark in our soul which wants to be more than just an unassertive human being. How do we do this you may ask? And the answer is by doing good in the world and by working on ourselves. In this way we will raise our consciousness.
Nelson Mandela a man who was jailed for his beliefs for many years and after became the president of South Africa was the next quote. He said, “Overcoming poverty is not a task of charity, it is an act of justice. Like Slavery and Apartheid, poverty is not natural. It is man-made and can be overcome and eradicated by the actions of human beings. Sometimes it falls on a generation to be great. YOU can be that great generation. Let your greatness blossom.” To me this means that within every human being there is greatness and it is not a sin to do well in life as long as we are not hurting anyone. I clicked on a video about how to make money online and someone suggested in this video that people should advertise free things online and then make their money in the shipping. I stopped listening to that video right when I heard this comment for I think this type of sneaky way of advertising and making money is not right or moral. We can make a living for ourselves but we do not have to deceive anyone. Also, there are people who “excel” in their work, but actually they are hurting other human beings on purpose for example. If in this way we become billionaires what good have we done? When Nelson Mandela said to let our greatness blossom I’m certain he meant to connect to our core and do the kind of work in the world which will help others especially those who are suffering.
Norman Borlaug, father of the Green Revolution and credited with saving over one billion people from starvation was the next quote. He said, “The destiny of world civilization depends upon providing a decent standard of living for all mankind.” The truth is the world has enough to share for all. Poverty on earth should be just a sad memory. Why are the top one percent of human beings the most affluent while most of the rest are suffering? The thing is even those top one percent of the world I’m certain are mostly not happy. Happiness does not come from being richer than everyone else. Happiness comes from doing good in the world, being kind and considerate, and working on your own psychology. That is especially true if you are here on earth to be a light worker.
Paul David Lewis the leader singer of U2 was the next quote. He said, “The fact is that ours is the first generation that can look disease and extreme poverty in the eye, look across the ocean to Africa, and say this, and mean it. We do not have to stand for this. A whole continent written off – we do not have to stand for this.” This is the truth about Africa and everyone must help the people of Africa! There are also other peoples of the world who have been written off. Like for example my nation, the suffering Assyrians the indigenous people in Iraq, Syria, and Turkey. No one wants to talk about this humanitarian catastrophe where the Assyrian people are basically being annihilated for generations because they do not have power and their land is being occupied, stolen, and potentially given to a people who are not from that land like the Kurds and even the Arabs. In the past hundred years millions of Assyrians have been killed and now we are struggling for the last of our nation to stay alive and continue with our traditions. We need the help of the world but most people are looking away.
The next quote was by a beautiful actress named Audrey Hepburn who said, “Since the world has existed, there has been injustice. But it is one world, the more so as it becomes smaller, more accessible. There is just no question that there is more obligation that those who have should give to those who have nothing.” Even John the Baptist said this. He said, "Anyone who has two shirts should share with the one who has none...” That’s why when I see actors and actresses with large wardrobes of thousands of items I wonder are they really happy? Are those material things making them enjoy life more and making them be more spiritual? An individual may not be rich but if we don’t need something we should give it to charity. I personally have tried to become a minimalist in life. Though sometimes material things can be appealing we should learn to have a spiritual mentality. This is much more rewarding now and in the end for our soul.
Nawal El Saadawi, an Egyptian, writer, and psychiatrist was the next quote. She said, “When we live in a world that is very unjust, you have to be a dissident.” I believe in these words so deeply they are part of the core of my being. Sometimes we have to speak out even when others oppose us. If we don’t stand up for our truth how will the world ever know about it? I especially believe that doctors like her in the world, who are the therapists of the earth, should do this. They are erudite people who have so much influence in our societies. They are in many ways the leaders of our world who touch so much of our lives. Without them the sick would stay ill and never get another chance at life. Maybe it is these individuals who need to question the industry which believes that all ailments can be cured by medicines or “drugs.” I believe there are mystical and spiritual issues behind many of the mental illnesses people are suffering from and this is something that needs to be addressed in that community and by the world.
Betty Williams, an Irish activist and founder of the Irish peace movement, Community of Peace People quote is next. She said, “To say that on a daily basis you can make a difference, well, you can. One act of kindness a day can do it.” This means even smiling at people during the day is an act of kindness. To some people a smile may not mean much but to me it is a peaceful gesture which says yes there is hope in the world and everything will be alright. We can always do something kind even for people in our family, or our larger family which is our nation, and also for our earthly family which is each and every person on this planet.
J.K. Rowling, author, philanthropist, and founder of the children’s charity, Lumos quote was last. She said, “The power of human empathy, leading to collective action, saves lives, and frees prisoners. Ordinary people, whose personal well-being and security are assured, join together in huge numbers to save people they do not know, and will never meet….Unlike any other creature on this planet, humans can learn and understand, without having experienced. They can think themselves into other people’s places….We do not need magic to change the world, we carry all the power we need inside ourselves already: we have the power to imagine better.” I believe in her words and although there is much darkness in the world right now I encourage each one of you to imagine and hope for a better tomorrow and in this way we send positive energy out into the world.
I believe in a world where everyone can be great, where people’s opinions will be respected even if they believe in something positive that is not a mainstream idea. I believe love will conquer the world eventually and everyone will work to make the earth a planet of light. I believe in a world where it won’t be of importance what color we are or what gender; rather everyone will be seen as a soul here on this planet to raise our consciousness. In this way we become the people we are meant to be and will be reunited with our true selves on another dimension one day. At that time death will not conquer us rather we will conquer death.
I believe in being a humanitarian and I thank each individual for the quotes which they stated to the world and recorded for history to remember. These people may have come from different lands and nations but their message was one. They all believed that we have a responsibility as individuals and as a human race for each other and that with the blessing of freedom there is a great obligation to do much more for all.
By Abbey Mikha
I can remember way back since I was little I would ask my dad tons of various questions. Most of the time he would answer me right away but sometimes he would be tired and tell me that I ask him too many questions in one day. In the past week I started asking my dad more and more questions related to the Assyrian nation. I believe he has vast amount of knowledge and I enjoy his answers as he is wise and enthusiastic. I like adding his answers to my YouTube channel because I want to always be able to remember his words in the future. My dad is a true Assyrian. Even though his parents were both born in Alqosh and from the Chaldean church he discovered his true Assyrian identity by vast amount of reading, seeking the truth, and being open to the truth.
In the first video I recorded I asked my dad the question of, "Why do some of the Assyrians believe in the Roman doctrine of Christianity?" It was totally on the spot and I didn't even give him time to think. He said some profound things among them that there are many universes and that we have been forced to believe many lies by the Roman doctrine. He said we are Assyrians and we go back even to fifteen thousands of years ago. He also said there is no such thing as the chosen people and history has proven to us that our ancient cuneiform artefacts prove that our ancient knowledge was prior to Genesis and the Abrahamic religions. To view the video go to the following link:
The second question I asked my dad this week was, "Why do the occupiers of our Assyrian land throughout history name us Christians just like the Kurds are doing now?" He asked me, “Is it a coincidence that right after Rome joined Christianity they started calling our people heretic Nestorians?” He also said many more things among them that Chaldeans are Assyrians and that even Babylon was an Assyrian city. He mentioned Sargon of Akkad and said he also was Assyrian and that there is no such thing as an Akkadian nation. He said many more interesting things. To view the video go to the following link:
If you would further like to know more about my dad’s thoughts on Assyrianism you may follow him on Facebook or Twitter as Kamel Mikha.
Thank you for reading at my Assyrian Thinker blog. I hope to update you with more and more articles on a continuous basis. Best wishes to all of you wherever you are reading from. Long live the Assyrian nation.
By Abbey Mikha
The Nineveh Plains is an integral part of Iraq and our ancestral homeland Assyria. The big question right now is what will become of Iraq if the North is annexed to the Kurds? It is a fact that the west has been trying to divide Iraq since they made up the lies that said Iraq had weapons of mass destruction and in this way invaded the country. I am curious, after they try to create Kur-stan will the Sunnis and the Shia also annex into their own country? I once heard that the Shia want to call their state Somar but I’m not sure about that. More likely it will be called Shiaastan. Is this what is happening? Has the entire world, the United Nations, the Vatican, the European Union, the United States, Canada, Israel, and actually everyone conspired against the innocent Assyrians?
I feel mortified at the blindness of the human race and the non-reaction of the world community in regards to what is happening to the Assyrians in Iraq and all over the world. We are a “minority” with a hushed voice because we as Assyrians have been slaughtered for hundreds of years mostly because of our ancient identity and also because we are ancient Christians. Is this our fault because we were unable to defend ourselves successfully and then establish ourselves effectively?
When I was in university and used to say that North of Iraq is Assyria people would say to me, “It is not time to create new countries rather the world should become one.” The thing though is Assyria is not a new country. It exists still in the towns and villages of the Assyrian people in the Nineveh Plains and it has for thousands of years. What I can’t assure though is what will happen to the ancient Assyrian spirit in the hearts of the Assyrian people under the weight of the Kurdish invaders who throughout history were mass murderers of the Assyrians. I am sad to say that the entire world is allowing a tribe, which has bullied the Assyrians for generations, to take over the Assyrian heartland and control desired areas. What is the difference between the Kurds and ISIS? Isn’t it obvious now to everyone that the Kurds used ISIS so that they could grab more Assyrian land and declare themselves as heroes when in reality they are the biggest stealers?
What will happen to Assyrian nationalism if Kur-stan is created? Will it continue to be nurtured? I can already see what will happen. The Kurds will destroy the spirit of our simple Assyrian people. They want to rise and leave no traces of the true history that came before. They have already done that for years. Look at what they teach in their history books about the Assyrians. They have even brainwashed some of the Assyrian people who in the past have declared that this Kur-stan region actually exists. To me it has never existed because it is an illegitimate unlawful region. They want to be a state, a nation, and a new melting pot, but what they are trying to do is a crime. It is a crime against humanity to turn Assyria into Kur-stan and everyone who is supporting this unlawful dangerous invented identity will see the harsh realities after. It is also a crime to call Assyrians Kurdish Christians because inevitably that is all they will be allowed to be in Kur-stan.
A Kurdish state will not stabilize the Middle East. A Kurdish state will be a thorn in the side of the Assyrians and the Assyrian nationalism and ideology which we are trying to revive. A Kurdish state will mean mocking the Assyrian people who have suffered for so long and telling them that they do not matter. Here is yet another way the world does not want to validate the Assyrian identity because it is a gem, something beautiful and real that makes people truly alive and living in this matrix called Earth.
How can the world even care though what is happening to the Assyrian people? People are busy creating a “life” for themselves. Have you ever been on Instagram? Everyone is following their favourite celebrities in the world. What especially amazes me about Instagram is how popular makeup tutorials are which teach women about how they should do their makeup with a hundred new products, creams, and powders. These young girls need a extra part time job just to be able to buy the makeup that is being promoted and this is happening all over the world. Even girls with hijabs from Dubai are making these videos and the idea and love of “beauty” is at its all-time peak because of social media. Everyone wants to be beautiful but people are realizing that their lives are empty. There is something missing.
Even Kylie Jenner the half-sister of Kim Kardashian dreams of living on a farm! I think what she has stated is very profound. I would like to tell you all about a farm land called Assyria! The Assyrians would agree about farming for this was the beginnings of our nation and this is part of our identity and psychological makeup.
An interesting side note. Have you ever heard of Plato’s Allegory of the Cave which was presented in his work Republic to compare people who see truth and those who cannot see truth. Plato tells Socrates to describe a group of people who have lived chained to the wall of a cave all of their lives, facing a blank wall. The people watch shadows projected on the wall from objects passing in front of a fire behind them, and give names to these shadows. The shadows are the prisoners' reality.
Socrates explains how the philosopher is like a prisoner who is freed from the cave and comes to understand that the shadows on the wall are not reality at all, for he can perceive the true form of reality rather than the manufactured reality that is the shadows seen by the prisoners.
The inmates of this place do not even desire to leave their prison; for they know no better life. The prisoners manage to break their bonds one day, and discover that their reality was not what they thought it was. They discovered the sun, which Plato uses as an analogy for the fire that man cannot see behind.
Kur-stan is shadows the prisoners of the world are seeing. They are trying to create something but they do not know what they are doing and what they are destroying. I include here some of the simple Assyrians living in the North of Iraq right now. The Assyrians are hostages in their own homeland. The Assyrian people supporting the Kurds do not see the truth only the shadows. They are not facing the sun and therefore they cannot see the light. They are in chains. They think by siding with those who have more power they will be given happiness and freedom. This is not the case. When you give up on your identity, your core, and the truth how can you ever be happy? How can your children be happy? How can your grandchildren be happy? Unless they completely forget who they are, enjoy this mistake and fake identity called Kur-stan, and like being in chains...
I ask you my friends, “What good is to gain the world and lose yourself.” Our self is Assyria not Kur-stan because we are and always will be Assyrians and the descendants of the ancient Assyrians.
By Abbey Mikha
Hear Abbey recite article here:
The martyrs of the Assyrian nation that were slayed during the Assyrian genocide of 1915, also in Simele, and the many other massacres across the Assyrian homeland (Hakkari, Tyari, Tkhuma, Alqosh, Tur Abdin, Urmia), since the fall of Nineveh represent the souls of people whose dreams were shattered. These are men who could have grown to be cultivated and sophisticated and become teachers, linguists, ecclesiastics, politicians, doctors, military leaders, lawyers, entrepreneurs, thinkers, and persons who could have led an Assyrian movement. These are women who could have also grown up to be the previous things mentioned of our Assyrian men, but also when encompassed with love for an Assyrian man bear the children of Assyria. The young boys and girls who were murdered in these past thousands of years, their souls are absolutely fighting in spirit for our Assyrian nation to this day. There could have been millions upon millions more Assyrians in the world. No one knows exactly how many persons were killed in the genocides and the many massacres that have befallen our Assyrian people.
Envision and conceive twenty million Assyrians and more in the North of Iraq right now. Imagine the dreams, the potential, the culture, the spirituality, the Assyrian ideology, the Assyrian movement, and the Assyrian identity that could have spread in this beautiful region of the world. Our opponents and nemeses anticipated this as well and that is why they set out to destroy the Assyrian nation and its children since the fall of Nineveh in 612 BC.
At the present moment our nation is at distinct point in our struggle. This is the time all the true Assyrians must stand together and rise in Assyrian patriotism and love for the Assyrian identity. The most important thing is for our people to be allowed to speak up and return to their towns and villages in Occupied Assyria and not be refugees in their own ancestral homeland. I am proud of the people of Alqosh who are struggling against being governed by the Kurds and raising their voices. They are acting bravely and we all need to do this together. We as Assyrians all need to stand with Alqosh and all the Assyrian towns in Occupied Assyria. This is the time the Assyrian diaspora around the earth must speak out and in a very consistent way.
God rest the souls of our martyrs and every innocent Assyrian whose chance at life was taken by evil people who have been planning our demise since the fall of Nineveh in 612 BC. When our empire fell some of our people were scattered. We lived in our ancestral homeland it is said as agriculturalists and farmers. There are Assyriologists who say that the Assyrian Kings and Queens were wiped out since ancient times. I just want to say that in the spirit of the Assyrian people I see so many righteous people that I would love to see become leaders of this nation. What is a king? What is a queen? Can any human being not rise from his or her situation and become self-actualized and therefore be spiritually sovereign? All the Assyrian martyrs that have been murdered are the kings and queens of our hearts!
We can build our nation back. We may not have the numbers of other populations for the reason that our people have been consistently massacred for thousands of years, but especially in the last one hundred fifty years in huge numbers. The Assyrian people deserve to live and thrive and when they are allowed to do so Occupied Assyria will be paradise on earth again.
The Assyrians who are incarnated right now have the spirits of people who have existed upon the earth for thousands of years. I believe we will band together, we will embrace our Assyrian identity, we will rise as one cohesive nation, and we will find ourselves as individuals who never forget where we come from, which is Assyria...
By Abbey Mikha
As we are witnessing everyday what is going on in the North Iraq Occupied Assyria it is evident that the Kurds want to take over the entire Assyrian region and who knows maybe eventually they will try to take over the entire Iraq. While the people of Iraq suffered since the time of the Gulf War the Kurds exploited the misery of the people and the country by establishing themselves as a region in Iraq, a thorn in the side of the Assyrians and everyone. Every area where there is oil in Iraq the Kurds want to take over. Every area where there is Assyrian history the Kurds want to take advantage because we are not organized as a nation and have not been able to acquire our rights. I have met many Iraqis who say that they are Assyrians, but I have never met a Kurd who declares himself an Assyrian or as an Iraqi. So, why should the Iraqi people and government give them any respect?
Send the Kurds back where they came from and allow the Assyrians to build their sacred region in Iraq. Allow our people out from the refugee camps which ISIS pressed them towards. Finally, give the authorization for our people to go back their towns and villages and allow them to live and thrive.
The Kurds are not champions and this is a fact. They proved this when ISIS was invading the Assyrian people of the Nineveh Plains region. They left our people to be slaughtered. Now at our nation’s weakest moment they are making their moves to further establish their region and declare their dominance. Who gives these criminals the right to disrespect and harass the Assyrian people?
I wish that the Iraqi people and government will sympathize with the Assyrians and not just stand by with the Kurds because they are fellow Muslims and because they are supported by the USA, Israel, and all the other merciless blind people with an agenda against the Assyrians and the ancient soil of Iraq.
By Abbey Mikha
The first fact about the Kurds is that they took part in the Assyrian genocide of 1915 where half of the Assyrian population perished. They raped, maimed, crucified, and killed Assyrian men, women, and children. Also, in 1832 Alqosh was attacked by the Kurdish Governor of Rowanduz, nicknamed "Merkor" who hated the Assyrians. He killed over 400 of its inhabitants. Merkor attacked Alqosh again on 15 March 1833 and killed another 172 of its men, not counting children, and women. Also, in the Massacres of Badr Khan the Kurds massacred the Assyrians in Hakkari and Tyari around the year 1840 where thousands of people were slaughtered. Furthermore, afterword in 1933 in the town of Simele led by a Kurd named Bakr Sidqi they murdered thousands of Assyrians who were not armed.
The second fact about the Kurds is that they are not indigenous to the North of Iraq Assyria. They come from Mahabadan Iran, Afghanistan, and yes even Punjab.
The third fact about the Kurds is that they have been oppressing the indigenous Assyrians in Occupied Assyria. They want the Assyrians to be their third class servants while they steal the lands of Assyria and try to erase the memory of the Assyrians and their past from the time of antiquity. The Kurds had a hand in the destruction of Assyrian artefacts in the North of Iraq Occupied Assyria and also vandalizing sacred Assyrian sights by drawing the Kurdish flag on ancient Assyrian mountain carvings.
The fourth fact about the Kurds is that they are a nomadic people. Throughout history they were a band of barbarian wandering tribes. They are murderers who are building their country on the blood of Assyrian men, women, and children.
The fifth fact about the Kurds is that if they are allowed to steal the Assyrian homeland and declare their independence, or even if they continue to occupy Assyria in the North of Iraq it would be one other time when a nation of murderers takes over a region in the world and builds their evil empire. Hitler looked for “Lebensraum” which means the territory that a state or nation believes is needed for its natural development. This became a principle in Nazism. The Kurds are just like Hitler except that they have a delusional leader named Barazani. Perhaps many people in North America do not care about what the Assyrians are going through right now because did they not commit the same acts against the Native Aboriginals in Mesoamerica?
The sixth facts about the Kurds is that they want to be known as a civilized nation, but their behaviour proves that they are uncivilized. In the modern year of 2017 these criminals continue to acts as delinquents and offenders.
The seventh fact about the Kurds is that they make themselves out to be victims because of the behaviour of Saddam towards them. The truth is what they did to the Assyrians in the past and also at the present time is much more inhumane and cold hearted.
The eighth fact about the Kurds is that they started to settle in the North of Iraq Assyria after the Ottomans brought them to the area to be on the border against the Persians about one hundred fifty years ago. The truth is when we dig anywhere in the North of Iraq Occupied Assyria all that can be found is Assyrian artefacts, Assyrian palaces, and Assyrian treasures which the Kurds were trying to destroy through ISIS.
The ninth fact about the Kurds is that if they continue to occupy Assyrian lands as ruthlessly as they are they will always be remembered as the nation of murderers, assassins, and killers who stole the lands of the Assyrians. I don’t understand where is the European Union, the United Nations, the what is called “democratic” USA, and of course the Vatican? Where are the rights of the Assyrians? Are we not afforded human rights?
And last but not least the tenth fact about the Kurds is that the Assyrians who work and bow to the Kurds are traitors and are selling their nation for a very cheap price. They should be ashamed for Barazani the man who is stealing their land, changing history, and killing their people is their benefactor and sponsor. They will always be remembered for what they have done and are trying to do.
By Abbey Mikha
I’m so disgusted at what is happening in North of Iraq Occupied Assyria! One by one the mayors of areas where there are Assyrians inhabitants are being forcefully substituted by individuals who are members of the KRG. With the support of the USA and most of the West the Kurds are taking over Assyrian soil because they want to build their homeland not in Mahabad Iran where they actually from, but rather in Assyria the land of the people they murdered, raped, and crucified.
I suggest to the Assyrians in diaspora to raise our voice and let the world know that what is happening is wrong and a crime against humanity. Most people do not know who the Assyrians are and that we are fighting so that Assyria will become visible in the world again. Start making YouTube videos about what is happening if you can. Raise your voice. Write articles and share with your friends on social media and also in real life. Talk about the strife that the Assyrians are facing.
We are not a homeless people, but we are being taken advantage of by nations who only see Iraq as a country with a vast amount of natural resources, which they cannot keep their hands off of. Like people always said in demonstrations around the world, “Oil for blood.” They do not know the history of the North of Iraq most of the time, and when they do know the history they have the attitude that our Assyrian people do not deserve their rights. They may not say this out right but the way they behave shows us that this is what is in their mind in regards to the Assyrians.
Two in three Assyrians died in the Assyrian Genocide of 1915. Had we been given a chance to live as a nation at that time we would be over twenty million strong right now in the year 2017. The problem is the people who were killing us in 1915 are still killing and abusing us today. There is an olden scheme to annihilate the Assyrians and their children….
We need to wake up as a nation. We need to rise up and band together. The best way to expose people is to make them look bad on a global level. Spread the word about what is going in Occupied Assyria. We are a nation and we are not a minority by accident. They made us a “minority”, and by now slowly but surely taking over our land they are sending the message that they want to annihilate us.
I hope God, destiny, and fate will be on the side of the Assyrians in the next days, months, and years. We need the help of the universe, but also we need to do something and we need to support Assyrian leaders who are not betraying our nation.
Look at this elderly Assyrian man in the picture above. He knows what has happened to his Assyrian nation. He feels and is emotional about what might happen in the future. Remember his face and his plea to you to help his Assyrian nation. If you are not part of the solution for the Assyrians you are part of the problem. We need to be responsible human beings. Educate yourselves about the peoples of the world including the Assyrians. You and the leaders of your countries cant force us to leave our homeland, our towns and villages, which we have lived in for thousands of years.
Remember the face of this Assyrian man...
You are all also responsible for what happens in our world. Stealing Assyrian lands is not manly. The Kurds are not courageous in the actions they are taking. They are just a band of murderous thieves. They killed the Assyrians in 1915 and now they are mocking us while trying to push us around with their large population and weapons provided to them by all the murderers in the world...
By Abbey Mikha
About a week ago I had a dream and I wanted to share with you my thoughts about ten reasons I love Jesus the Messiah or Isho3 Msheeha as we call him in our Assyrian language. Since I have learned about Jesus from my childhood days I have loved him and he has been in my life as a best friend ever since. Thank you Jesus for being in my life and I wish that everyone will have Jesus as part of their life because you deserve to be loved. To watch the Youtube video go to the following site:
The first reason I love Jesus is because when I watched The Passion of the Christ I almost fainted because I witnessed the extent to which Jesus endured suffering. He was tortured, mocked, called all kinds of obscenities, and crucified by those who did not believe in him, but he still completed his mission and purpose.
The second reason I love Jesus is because he had immense respect for women and he encouraged them to follow him and spread the good news. Women had a big role in his ministry, among them Mary Magdalene and others. Jesus loved everyone unconditionally even women that society at that time labelled as outsiders. Or, even women with some kind of sickness.It is said that Jesus cured Mary Magdalene of various illnesses, which could have been mental illnesses. This shows that he had compassion for all as many people suffer from mental illness in their life time.
The third reason I love Jesus is because he was so kind hearted that even when he was suffering on the cross he was praying for those persecuting him and said, “Forgive them for they do not know what they do.
The fourth reason I love Jesus is because he represented what a good human being should be like. Even though Jesus was an ascended master he was also the ultimate human being for human beings should always strive to be ascended masters.
The fifth reason I love Jesus is because he was materially poor and humble yet spiritually rich. He didn’t eat fancy food, rather he ate bread, fish, and whatever herbs were available in that time in the land of Canaan, which at one point was part of the Assyrian Empire.
The sixth reason I love Jesus is because he is trustworthy and the best friend a person could ask for. He is the guiding light who gives us good counsel rather than guidance which will be to his own benefit. He is the best friend who teaches us to love others, but also love ourselves.
The seventh reason I love Jesus is because he was pure hearted. He has a great spirituality and he believes in loving all people regardless of where they are from, or what their ethnicity was, or is. He wanted to spread the good news not just in his homeland, but also to what was called the lands of the gentiles, which means the lands of everyone else outside the land of Canaan, which I reiterate was once a part of the Assyrian Empire.
The eighth reason I love Jesus is because I believe he would encourage having women priests today in the year 2017 and yes even before. He believes in women’s rights and although there are no female priests in the Vatican today, I believe Jesus would be for this right of women. I am emotional about this point because I always think about how to spread spirituality and women getting back the priesthood.
The ninth reason I love Jesus is because he loved children. He would never harm a child and he even said that people in heaven are innocent like children.
And last but not least, the tenth reason I love Jesus is because he gave witness to my Assyrian nation in the Sign of Jonah. Many people with PhD’s today try to prove that the Assyrians do not exist anymore, but Jesus the doctor of doctors said, “The men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment with this generation and shall condemn it, for they repented at the preaching of Jonah and behold a greater than Jonah is here.” This means Jesus believes in the Assyrians as a nation. Had the Assyrians been a wicked population as has been suggested by some mean spirited people, Jesus would have never given witness to us.
Jesus believed the Assyrians would be around until the Day of Judgment, so that means that we are here at the present time, and yes we will be here forever, no matter what anyone tries to do to this ancient nation, which is suffering immensely right now as a result of the silent genocide against us, and everyday losing more and more of our land in the Nineveh Plains North of Iraq, or what we call Occupied Assyria, and also because of the non-acceptance of our Assyrian identity… No matter what anyone says Jesus loved and loves the Assyrians and everyone!
That is all I wanted to say today. Thank you for reading. I want to also ask you what are the reasons that you love Jesus? Leave me a comment. I could think of many many more reasons… Love you all and love you Jesus....
Recently the Assyrian mayor of Alqosh was removed and a member of the Kurdish party of Barazani replaced him in the North of Iraq. This is an outrage. The Kurds want to occupy Alqosh because this is another trick in the bag for the Kurds delusion of a homeland built on Assyrian soil. One must ask the question how can a people believe they can build their homeland by silencing an ancient people who have lived in the North of Iraq for thousands of years? The people of Alqosh must not be hushed. Their concerns are tremendous and they want to govern their own town as they have since the beginning of time. Alqosh is Assyria. If Alqosh is infiltrated with Kurds that means that there will be less and less hope for the Assyrians to establish their region in the North of Iraq. Alqosh is called in a song about the town, “Mathed Zona” which means town of time. I know and believe future time will always be on the side of Alqosh. The past for Alqosh has not always been happy as the town has been attacked many times in past years by Kurdish tribes and left to defend itself when ISIS was near.
There is a song in Alqoshian folklore that goes like this:
Khzeli khtha yowna befyara
M3ouyetle ow qreli pkha kala
Bas mafhemle ow bas maythele
Lema athra wot besala
This song is talking about a man of Alqosh seeing a dove flying away. He screams in a loud of voice and becomes miserable and asks just tell me what country are you flying to? This is the big question right now. Will Iraq stand up for the rights of the people of Alqosh and all Assyrians or will they sell us out to the Kurds? Alqoshian people call themselves “Suraye.” Everyone knows that this means they are Assyrians.
ISIS invaded the Nineveh Plains but they were not able to get to Alqosh thank God. Alqosh is a holy town and it deserves to be protected by the world community. If the Kurds aspirations become a reality and they take over the region they will turn all the Assyrians in the Nineveh Plains into Kurdish Christians as they have been trying to do in the past.
Alqosh is a treasure which goes back to ancient times. The first time Alqosh was mentioned in artefacts of antiquity was in Sencharibs time, but Alqosh most probably goes even further back in history beyond the beginning of civilization.
Some people say that the name Alqosh comes from the term, “El Qushti” which means “The God of the Bow.” Truly the God Ashur is looking down on Alqosh right now and saying do not touch my precious town where old souls still live to this day with the ancient spirit and one of the most ancient languages of the world.
I plead with the world community to stand with Alqosh and the hope of our Assyrian people for a region in Iraq. Assyria may be a dream that many are trying to diminish, but it will continue to shine in the hearts of the true Assyrians until one day Assyria shall return from invisibility to visibility.
Lastly I just want to say God bless our dear Alqosh and God bless all the Assyrian people.
10 Reasons Abbey Loves Assyria!
1. Assyria is a jewel that the whole world should fight to save.
2. Assyria is the land of my ancestors and future generations of Assyrians.
3. Assyria seems invisible though it actually exists as evidenced to culture it touched all over the world.
4. Assyria has the best dances and music in the world.
5. Assyria is thousands of years old and still counting.
6. The people of Assyria are lovely and kind for the most part.
7. Assyria is a multicultural country.
8. Assyria is where they make the best Dolma and Biryani.
9. The Assyrian flag is beautiful and I love its meaning.
10. Assyrians accept others of other cultures and religions even when they have not been accepted.
By Abbey Mikha
On the occasion of Canada’s 150th birthday when I see pictures of the Prime Minister Justin Trudeau shaking hands with a Native Chief I cannot help but wonder will this be the future of the Assyrians in the Assyrian heartland? Are we going to have to make peace with our occupier whether Arab or Kurd? It’s a very difficult struggle that indigenous people have gone through. We deserve our rights as human beings and as original and native peoples of our lands. Why is it that we are not allowed to be masters of our land? As a creative people is it our future to suffer because we do not have vast amounts of money and influence in the world?
The people of the world need to come together as one and everyone’s cultures need to be treasured. We are indigenous Assyrians and our heritage is on the brink of extinction just like that of the Natives and Aboriginals of Canada. For this reason all people and especially humanitarians of the world need to be sensitive to our case also. The North of Iraq is Assyria! We cannot deny this and should not.
Giving our land to foreign people will only create more trouble in the future. We want peace but for how long will our pride be trampled?
The Kurds want the Assyrian heartland as their own. Why though don’t they go back to their original homeland which is in Iran and Afghanistan? I’m sure there is a lot of room for them to build their civilization there. Why do they target the land of a poor people like the Assyrians? We want to build our Assyrian land, we want to have a civilization, we want our culture and language to flourish and grow, but we need the help of the rest of the world to do that. Peoples of the world need to help the Assyrians because we are the last of our kind and because our civilization is a treasure.
We have come a long way from ancient times to the year 2017. In a hundred years will there be Assyrians on Earth? I really hope so because our culture is beautiful, our cause is righteous, and our people are worthy just like the Natives and Aboriginals of Canada! We deserve our land in ASSYRIA!
On the occasion of Canada's 150th birthday I have come up with ten reasons why I love Canada! Happy Birthday Canada! Just remember to treat us all as equals (Natives, Metis, Foreigners, and everyone!).
1. My nephews were born in Canada.
2. Thousands of Assyrians have made their homes in Canada.
3. People of Canada are friendly.
4. Canada has been a peace maker in the world.
5. Canada is home to many Natives, Aboriginals, and Metis who I love their ancient culture.
6. Canada treats people who have disabilities kindly for the most part.
7. Canada is a beautiful country that I would love to travel in the future.
8. Canada is diverse and peoples of all nations and cultures live here in a Mosaic of Nations.
9. Canada has a beautiful flag.
10. Canada as a country has a humble spirit.
By Abbey Mikha
The USA invaded Iraq in 2003 because the administration needed a war for the world and Middle East agenda. This war eventually brought about the rise of ISIS in Mosul and Syria after Obama withdrew the American Army from Iraq. Now the world community which had a hand in what happened should be the same countries and administrations that help to free Mosul which is holy Nineveh. United States, England, Italy, Holland, Australia, Japan, Poland, Spain, Denmark, and all those involved need to yield a helping hand to Mosul which is again holy Nineveh.
I do not understand many things in this life, and I’m the type of human being who believes it does not make sense to make wars unless it is to relieve suffering. The human race needs to understand that we need to start working together. We should not be enemies as peoples and nations. We do not need to be better than each other. Rather we can be equals. And we should be happy being alike.
The world needs to work on peace and strategies to afford free education for students around the world. Also, free health care is very important like it is provided in Canada. The alleviation of food shortage which believe it or not still exists in the world should be dealt with. And we also need to advance our approaches in preservation of our Earth environment. These and other issues are what we should be concerned with. Unfortunately right now while the world community could be working to solve these kinds of problems we rather have to deal with ISIS. How in the name of God can we destroy this movement? And how do we know that in the future another group of people will not come together to make hell on earth like ISIS has done. They have killed everyone. They have raped men, women, and children. These people are beasts and everyone knows they are a tool for big powers in the world. Ask yourself who is behind them and who has benefited from them?
Everyone knows that when the USA brought their army to Iraq they were not just looking for “weapons of mass destruction.” Rather, they were sneaking, destroying, and selling Assyrian artefacts and stealing our facts and technology. They say whoever controls Iraq controls the world and maybe that is what they were trying to achieve. Was it worth it?
Al Bagdadi and the likes of him were in custody in Iraq with the American intelligence but they were mostly all released and given space to reorganize themselves in the militia called ISIS. And look at the terror they have spread!
Now enough is enough. The world community needs to start working and working hard to alleviate the suffering of the people of Mosul which is holy Nineveh. What has been done to the people in Iraq has been called genocide. Genocide in 2017 you may ask? Yes, my Assyrian people are being annihilated in the North of Iraq and in the Mosul, Nineveh region. We are treated as lower level human beings, almost as slaves. A Kurdish person online told me once that the Kurds want to make the Assyrians their slaves because the Assyrians once made the Jews slaves in Assyria. That is something that may have happened in ancient times, but who can prove this is absolute truth and what the situation was. Are these people making up stories? This proves there is a secret agenda after the Assyrians. They won’t allow the Assyrians to establish themselves! When I was in university my professor Dr. Pinto, when hearing that I was Assyrian said, “Isn’t that where the Kurds are today.” Flustered I answered him, “Yes in the North of Iraq.”
The United States thought that it was going to be able to divide Iraq, but this country is not an easy game to play. If Iraq was to be divided what will happen exactly? Will the south go to the Shiaa, the central to the Sunni, and the north to the Kurds? Ask yourself what will then happen to the Assyrians? What will happen to our towns and villages? What will happen to our culture and language? Is this the way to treat the Assyrians after we have served humanity?
The Kurds are occupiers and deceivers. They are not from the North of Iraq and there are billions of documents to prove this. They are nomads who come from Mahabad, Iran and Afghanistan. Not only are they stealing the land of a people which does not belong to them, they are trying make it seem as the Assyrians occupied their land which is a historical lie. Maybe the Kurds are so well thought of by Americans, Canadians, and the rest of the western world especially Israel because the world community has accepted the genocide against the Natives which wiped out millions upon millions of people. It was the largest genocide the world has ever seen and it is barely mentioned in history books, classrooms, and over the dinner table. This is our land they say. The Natives died from war and disease they say. This is our right they say. And this mentality is the problem. This aggressiveness is what is destroying regions, nations, and individuals.
I pray for peace on Earth. I pray that peoples of all nations can live together in the world in harmony and help each other. I also pray for peace for the Assyrians in Nineveh and all Assyria. I request that the Assyrians will be taken earnestly and given their human rights and allowed to prosper in their own homeland. I plead with the world community to know more about the Assyrians and to realize what a beautiful culture they have and that it should be helped and progressed so that the Assyrians may stand on their own two feet in the near future, and so that we can help the world also deal with its difficulties.
Tomorrow is April 1st. It is the Assyrian New Year 6767. This is the best time to start to read about the Assyrians. Look up about the festivities online. Find out what is happening in the North of Iraq at this time. Keep the Assyrian people in your heart for they have suffered greatly. Peoples of all nations are your friends. Assyrians are your friends. The Assyrians unfortunately have little influence. The best thing the world community can do is to arm the Assyrians so that at least we would have the hope to defend ourselves if we are attacked again. And by the way April 1st is not April fools rather it is the April of the Assyrian New Year, of the people who celebrate and dance the dances from thousands of years ago....
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Abbey is a writer and blogger interested in humanitarian issues...
All articles at the Assyrian Thinker website are the copyright (©) 2016 Abbey Mikha